We conduct cutting-edge research and propose policy solutions aimed at improving how our nation prepares, supports and rewards the early care and education workforce to ensure young children’s optimal development.

Below is a chronological list of our published reports. You can also view reports related to one of our four core priorities by clicking on the issues above.

Beyond Homes and Centers: The Workforce in Three California Early Childhood Infrastructure Organizations

By Marcy Whitebook, Laura Sakai, and Fran Kipnis

In this study we examined the career backgrounds and professional development needs of those working in child care resource and referral programs and local First 5 commissions and as child care coordinators across the state.

We worked closely with these organizations to conduct this study:

» Executive Summary (pdf)
» Full report (pdf)

Posted January 2010.

Preparing Teachers of Young Children: The Current State of Knowledge, and a Blueprint for the Future

By Marcy Whitebook, Deanna Gomby, Dan Bellm, Laura Sakai, and Fran Kipnis

This two-part paper examines the early care and education (ECE) and K-12 research literature in depth to assess the current state of knowledge about the effective preparation of excellent teachers, and charts a research and policy agenda for the future.

» Executive summary (pdf)

» Comparison of K-12 and Early Care and Education Systems (pdf)

Part I: Teacher Preparation and Professional Development in Grades K-12 and in Early Care and Education: Differences and Similarities, and Implications for Research (pdf)
Part I summarizes the differences between the K-12 and the early care and education fields. We found more than enough similarities to warrant a close consideration of the combined wisdom of both fields.

Part II: Effective Teacher Preparation in Early Care and Education: Toward a Comprehensive Research Agenda (pdf)
Part II contains an in-depth review of our ECE and K-12 teacher preparation research and outlines what remains to be learned. It concludes with a set of key recommendations for research and policy.

Posted January 2009.

Leadership in Early Childhood: A Curriculum for Emerging and Established Agents of Change

By Marcy Whitebook and Lea Austin

Intended for use in higher education and community leadership-development efforts. the curriculum was piloted in the Mills College M.A. degree program in Early Childhood Leadership. If you are interested in receiving more information about the curriculum, contact us at cscceinfo@berkeley.edu. Include “Curriculum” in the subject line.

Posted January 2009.

Learning Together: A Study of Six B.A. Completion Cohort Programs in Early Care and Education (Year I Report)

by Marcy Whitebook, Laura Sakai, Fran Kipnis, Mirella Almaraz, Esther Suarez, and Dan Bellm


This report presents the Year 1 findings of the Learning Together study, in which the research team conducted extensive interviews with over 90 percent of the 124 student cohort members, and with 13 administrators and faculty members. The report highlights the striking congruence between the student and institutional perspectives on aspects of the B.A. completion cohort programs that were working well, and on the adjustments or improvements that were still needed.

Download the report (pdf)

Read more information about the Learning Together project, or read the Year 2 report or Year 3 report.

Posted July 2008.

Partnering for Preschool: A Study of Center Directors in New Jersey’s Mixed-Delivery Abbott Program

By Marcy Whitebook, Sharon Ryan, Fran Kipnis, and Laura Sakai

Since 1999, New Jersey’s court-ordered Abbott Preschool Program has provided publicly funded early education services in a combination of private child care centers, Head Start centers, and public schools, and it has sought to place preschool teachers on an equal footing with K-12 teachers in terms of pay and qualifications. We interviewed 98 private child care and Head Start directors in 2007 to collect their firsthand accounts of implementing this ambitious educational reform, and their suggestions for improving it.

Executive Summary (pdf)
Research Highlights (pdf)
Full Report (pdf)

Posted January 2008.

Early Childhood Educator Competencies: A Literature Review of Current Best Practices, and a Public Input Process on Next Steps for California

Editor, Dan Bellm

By request from First 5 California and with support from the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, we conducted an extensive literature review in 2007 on current best practices across the United States for defining early childhood educator competencies—the appropriate knowledge and skills for working effectively with young children. We also solicited feedback broadly from California’s early care and education field on the appropriate structure and content of such competencies for our state. This report compiles our research and the input received from the field.

Download the report (pdf)

Posted January 2008.