The following research reports and policy briefs support our efforts to identify policy solutions that can establish and expand data systems that inform effective investments in the early care and education workforce.

Building a Skilled Teacher Workforce

Building a skilled teacher workforce: Shared and divergent challenges in early care and education and in grades K-12 prepared by Marcy Whitebook for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation 2014.

Across the K-12 and early care and education (ECE) communities, similar conversations are underway about how to recruit teachers and strengthen their preparation, how to provide ongoing learning experiences for new and veteran teachers, and how to organize school environments to ensure that all teachers can best address the needs of an increasingly diverse child population. But these conversations are also widely divergent, given that the histories of the two sectors have led to distinct personnel and service delivery systems.

In order to develop an early learning strategy for the U.S. that is capable of improving educational outcomes for young children, it is critical to understand the personnel-related opportunities and challenges the ECE sector faces, as well as how these differ from those encountered in the K-12 sector. This paper discusses the public perception of early childhood teaching, the history and purpose of education for children of different ages, and describes key features of the personnel systems that have emerged from these varied roots, comparing them along several dimensions, and offers several suggestions for promoting a skilled and stable early care and education workforce for the 21st century.

The Foundation commissioned a series of papers to understand the impact of high-quality early childhood programs that are effective in producing lasting gains for young children. Read Building a Skilled Teacher Workforce and Lessons from Research and the Classroom.

Posted 2014.


Workforce Information: A Critical Component of Coordinated State Early Care and Education Data Systems

By Fran Kipnis and Marcy Whitebook

In this report, we examine the early care and education workforce data landscape across the states, focusing on the three main workforce data systems operating across the states, ECE workforce registries, T.E.A.C.H. Early Childhood®, and NACCRRAWare/T-TAM. This report also examines the challenges and efforts to align these systems.

Download the report (pdf)

Posted 2011.


Beyond Homes and Centers: The Workforce in Three California Early Childhood Infrastructure Organizations

By Marcy Whitebook, Laura Sakai, and Fran Kipnis

In this study we examined the career backgrounds and professional development needs of those working in child care resource and referral programs and local First 5 commissions and as child care coordinators across the state.

We worked closely with these organizations to conduct this study:

» Executive Summary (pdf)
» Full report (pdf)

Posted 2010.


Roots of Decline: How Government Policy Has De-Educated Teachers of Young Children

By Dan Bellm and Marcy Whitebook

This report analyzes labor trends for the early care and education workforce over the past 25 years – notably, an overall decrease in educational qualifications, and persistent wage stagnation – in the light of federal and state policy, and makes a series of recommendations for reversing these downward trends. Losing Ground in Early Childhood Education: Declining Workforce Qualifications in an Expanding Industry, 1979-2004 by Stephen Herzenberg, Mark Price, and David Bradley (2005) is the paper that prompted this policy analysis.

Download the report (pdf)

Posted 2006.


California Early Care and Education Workforce Study

By Marcy Whitebook, Laura Sakai, Fran Kipnis, Yuna Lee, Dan Bellm, Mirella Almaraz, and Paulina Tran

In 2005, CSCCE and the California Child Care Resource and Referral Network, with funding from First 5 California and the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, conducted a statewide survey of California licensed child care workforce. This study identified the number of center-based and home-based staff working in licensed child care. The statewide survey was replicated in eight California counties. If you are interested in receiving the county reports, contact us at cscceinfo@berkeley.edu.

Study Highlights (pdf)
Licensed Child Care Centers (pdf)
Licensed Family Child Care Providers (pdf)

Posted 2006.