The following research reports and policy briefs support our efforts to identify policy solutions that can establish and expand data systems that inform effective investments in the early care and education workforce.

Workforce Information: A Critical Component of Coordinated State Early Care and Education Data Systems

By Fran Kipnis and Marcy Whitebook

In this report, we examine the early care and education workforce data landscape across the states, focusing on the three main workforce data systems operating across the states, ECE workforce registries, T.E.A.C.H. Early Childhood®, and NACCRRAWare/T-TAM. This report also examines the challenges and efforts to align these systems.

Download the report (pdf)

Posted 2011.

Beyond Homes and Centers: The Workforce in Three California Early Childhood Infrastructure Organizations

By Marcy Whitebook, Laura Sakai, and Fran Kipnis

In this study we examined the career backgrounds and professional development needs of those working in child care resource and referral programs and local First 5 commissions and as child care coordinators across the state.

We worked closely with these organizations to conduct this study:

» Executive Summary (pdf)
» Full report (pdf)

Posted 2010.

Roots of Decline: How Government Policy Has De-Educated Teachers of Young Children

By Dan Bellm and Marcy Whitebook

This report analyzes labor trends for the early care and education workforce over the past 25 years – notably, an overall decrease in educational qualifications, and persistent wage stagnation – in the light of federal and state policy, and makes a series of recommendations for reversing these downward trends. Losing Ground in Early Childhood Education: Declining Workforce Qualifications in an Expanding Industry, 1979-2004 by Stephen Herzenberg, Mark Price, and David Bradley (2005) is the paper that prompted this policy analysis.

Download the report (pdf)

Posted 2006.

California Early Care and Education Workforce Study

By Marcy Whitebook, Laura Sakai, Fran Kipnis, Yuna Lee, Dan Bellm, Mirella Almaraz, and Paulina Tran

In 2005, CSCCE and the California Child Care Resource and Referral Network, with funding from First 5 California and the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, conducted a statewide survey of California licensed child care workforce. This study identified the number of center-based and home-based staff working in licensed child care. The statewide survey was replicated in eight California counties. If you are interested in receiving the county reports, contact us at

Study Highlights (pdf)
Licensed Child Care Centers (pdf)
Licensed Family Child Care Providers (pdf)

Posted 2006.