October 2014 (No. 74)

Editor: Terence K. Huwe
Contributors: Marcy Whitebook, Stefanie Kalmin, Janice Kimball, Jenifer MacGillvary, and Myra Armstrong.

In This Issue:

Especially Recommended
Monday, October 27, 2014 | 12pm - 1pm
Inputs in the Production of Early Childhood Human Capital: Evidence from Head Start
Christopher Walters  

Monday, November 3, 2014 | 12pm - 1pm
Long-Term Nonemployment and Job Displacement
Till Von Wachter

IRLE News and Events
IRLE Colloquium Series
Jesse Rothstein Appointed IRLE Associate Director
Katie Quan Awarded A Fulbright Fellowship for 2015
Recent Working Papers

IRLE Programs
The Labor Center
California Public Employee Relations
Center for the Study of Child Care Employment
Center on Wage and Employment Dynamics
Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library

Campus News and Events
Center for Latin American Studies
Center for Japanese Studies
Demography Brown Bag Seminar
Economics Department
Institute for the Study of Societal Issues


IRLE News and Events

IRLE Colloquium Series

All events are held in the Large Conference Room at 2521 Channing Way, unless otherwise noted.
A light lunch is served.

To attend an event, please RSVP: Myra Armstrong, zulu2@berkeley.edu

Christopher Walters

Monday, October 27, 2014 | 12 PM – 1PM
Inputs in the Production of Early Childhood Human Capital: Evidence from Head Start
Christopher Walters, Assistant Professor, Economics


Christopher Walters

Monday, November 3, 2014 | 12 PM – 1PM
Inputs in the Production of Early Childhood Human Capital: Evidence from Head Start
Christopher Walters, Assistant Professor, Economics


Alexander Gelber

Monday, November 17, 2014 | 12pm - 1pm
The Effects of Youth Employment: Evidence from New York City Summer Youth Employment Program Lotteries
Alexander Gelber, Assistant Professor, Goldman School of Public Policy


Marcy Whitebook

Monday, December 1, 2014 | 12pm - 1pm
Worthy Work, STILL Unlivable Wages: The National Child Care Staffing Study 25 Years Later
Marcy Whitebook, Director, Senior Researcher, Center for the Study of Child Care Employment (CSCCE)
Also presenting: Lea J.E. Austin, Fran Kipnis, CSCCE

Presentation of new evidence on the costs of our nation's failure to align expectations and earnings of early childhood teachers examining:

  • Changes in wages, education, and turnover among early education teachers 1989-2013.
  • Economic insecurity among early childhood teachers.
  • Utilization rates and costs of public benefits by early childhood workers and their families.
  • Policy efforts to improve early childhood teaching jobs.


Jesse Rothstein

Jesse Rothstein Appointed IRLE Associate Director

IRLE Director Michael has invited Prof. Jesse Rothstein (Goldman School of Public Policy) to become Associate Director of IRLE for the 2014-15 academic year.

Prof. Rothstein served as Acting Director while Prof. Reich was on leave in the fall of 2013. The IRLE community is very pleased to welcome Jesse back to IRLE!

Jesse Rothstein is a public and labor economist.  His research focuses on education and tax policy, and particularly on the way that public institutions ameliorate or reinforce the effects of children's families on their academic and economic outcomes.  Within education, he has conducted studies on teacher evaluation; on the value of school infrastructure spending; on affirmative action in college and graduate school admissions; and on the causes and consequences of racial segregation.  He has also written about the effects of unemployment insurance on job search and labor force participation; the role of structural factors in impeding recovery from the Great Recession; and the incidence of the Earned Income Tax Credit.

Rothstein's work has been published in the American Economic Review, the Quarterly Journal of Economics, the Journal of Public Economics, the Chicago Law Review, and the American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, among other outlets.  He has a Ph.D. in economics from the University of California, Berkeley, and an MPP from the Goldman School, and he is a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research. In 2009-2010 he served as a Senior Economist for the Council of Economic Advisers and then as Chief Economist at the U.S. Department of Labor.

Katie Quan

Katie Quan Awarded A Fulbright Fellowship for 2015

Katie Quan has been awarded a Fulbright Fellowship to study at Peking University.  The title of her project is "Value in China's Apparel Supply Chain." A description follows below. Congratulations, Katie!

Values in China's Apparel Supply Chain

In 2007, the Chinese government promoted policies that would upgrade the garment industry to make it competitive on a global scale.  It encouraged manufacturers to expand vertically up the supply chain to acquire capacity in research and design, and in brand name recognition.  It also encouraged these companies to relocate their assembly lines to inland rural regions where jobs were needed, and to overseas countries where wages were lower.  Development funds were allocated to clusters of manufacturers in different regions.  However one recent Chinese government study concluded that most of these upgrades focused on short-term efforts to improve product quality, rather than on long-term strategies to compete at the brand and retail levels.  In addition, I have observed that upgrading the skills and wages of ordinary workers, a central feature of industrial upgrading in America and Europe, has been absent from discussion in China. 

China will continue to be a formidable player in the global apparel industry for the foreseeable future, but the central question is how the industry can develop into a "high road" industry, where businesses thrive and workers are treated fairly.  The answer to this question is far beyond the scope of a short Fulbright project, however I propose to study two relevant questions:  1)  how have supply chain relationships changed in the last 20 years in China, and in particular, 2)  how have pricing practices changed ?  Through answering these questions, I intend to develop a fuller picture of how the apparel value chain actually operates in China and globally, so that interested parties can make informed decisions about how to structure solutions for a competitive and equitable industrial policy.


Recent Working papers

Working papers may be downloaded from:

From Motherhood Penalties to Husband Premia: The New Challenge for Gender Equality and Family Policy, Lessons from Norway PDF
Trond Petersen, Andrew M. Penner, and Geir Høgsnes
Working Paper No. 119-14
March 2014

Bottle Revolution: Constructing Consumer and Producer Identities in the Craft Beer Industry? PDF
Jo-Ellen Pozner, Michaela DeSoucey, and Katarina Sikavica
Working Paper No. 118-14
October 2014

Why Do Fewer Agricultural Workers Migrate Now? PDF
Maoyong Fan, Susan Gabbard, Anita Alves Pena, and Jeffrey M. Perloff
Working Paper No. 117-14
October 2014

National Labor Movements and Transnational Connections: Global Labor's Evolving Architecture Under Neoliberalism PDF
Peter Evans
Working Paper No. 116-14
September 2014


IRLE Programs

The Labor Center


Campaigners Call for "One Fair Wage" to Help End Sexual Harassment for Tipped Restaurant Workers
Democracy Now! | October 13, 2014

Living on the bare minimum
Los Angeles Times | October 11, 2014

Mountain View OKs $10.30 minimum wage
Mountain View Voice | October 10, 2014

For black men, a permanent recession
Aljazeera America | October 9, 2014

Group: Sexual harassment rife in restaurants
USA Today | October 7, 2014

Four takeaways from Joe Biden's Las Vegas visit
Las Vegas Sun | October 6, 2014

New York City, LA among cities moving to raise minimum wage
PBS Newshour | October 5, 2014

L.A.'s Minimum-Wage Experiment
Bloomberg View | October 3, 2014

LA Council On a Roll … Could Bump Wage Minimum to $15 Citywide
CityWatch | October 3, 2014

Savio lecturer: Speak up for workers 'behind the kitchen door'
UC Berkeley NewsCenter | October 3, 2014

Los Angeles Minimum-Wage Boost Seen as Policy Test
Wall Street Journal | October 2, 2014

L.A. to Weigh Citywide Wage Hike
Capital & Main | October 2, 2014

S.F., Oakland at forefront of U.S. minimum wage movement
San Francisco Chronicle | October 2, 2014

Berkeley Economists Examine the Real Cost of Minimum Wage Increases
California Magazine, Cal Alumni Association | September 30, 2014
How To Pay for Health for All?
California Healthline | September 25, 2014

Marriott to hotel guests: Please pay our maids for us
Fortune | September 16, 2014

Editorial: A higher minimum wage makes sense for L.A., but it's no cure-all
Los Angeles Times | September 14, 2014

Garcetti asking nearby cities to join L.A. in boosting minimum wages
Los Angeles Times | September 14, 2014

Commentary: The rise of the low-wage restaurant industrial complex
By Saru Jayaraman, MSNBC, September 13, 2014

California Public Employee Relations

CPER Pocket GuidesCPER has just published the following new edition in our popular Pocket Guide Series covering public sector labor relations:

Pocket Guide to the Basics of Labor Relations (4th edition, 2014) by Rhonda Albey  
If you are a manager who has just been given an assignment that includes labor relations responsibility, or if you are a newly appointed union representative, you may be feeling a bit overwhelmed. It's easy to make mistakes, and there's pressure from both sides! This Pocket Guide will help you get your bearings and survive the initial stages of what can be a difficult, but rewarding, line of work. This book will tell you:

  • Why we have public employee unions
  • State laws that regulate labor relations
  • The language of labor relations
  • What is in the typical contract
  • How to negotiate and administer labor agreements
  • How to handle grievances
  • What to do in arbitration and unfair practice hearings
  • How to handle agency shop arrangements
  • How to cope with extraordinary situations (including downsizing and/or restructuring, work actions, and organizing drives).

Offering advice and resources, Pocket Guide to the Basics of Labor Relations includes a section on managing your bargaining team and how best to work with different types of personalities.
CPER has also recently published:
Pocket Guide to the Fair Labor Standards Act (3rd edition, 2014)  
Pocket Guide to the Firefighters' Procedural Bill of Rights Act (3rd edition, 2014)

Coming this fall:
Pocket Guide to Public Sector Arbitration: California (2nd edition)

Coming this winter:
Pocket Guide to the Family and Medical Leave Acts (5th edition)
Pocket Guide to the Higher Education Employer-Employee Relations Act (2nd edition)

All Pocket Guides are described and can be ordered at http://cper.berkeley.edu.

Center for the Study of Child Care Employment


Building a skilled teacher workforce: Shared and divergent challenges in early care and education and in grades K-12 prepared by Marcy Whitebook for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation 2014.

Across the K-12 and early care and education (ECE) communities, similar conversations are underway about how to recruit teachers and strengthen their preparation, how to provide ongoing learning experiences for new and veteran teachers, and how to organize school environments to ensure that all teachers can best address the needs of an increasingly diverse child population. But these conversations are also widely divergent, given that the histories of the two sectors have led to distinct personnel and service delivery systems.

In order to develop an early learning strategy for the U.S. that is capable of improving educational outcomes for young children, it is critical to understand the personnel-related opportunities and challenges the ECE sector faces, as well as how these differ from those encountered in the K-12 sector. This paper discusses the public perception of early childhood teaching, the history and purpose of education for children of different ages, and describes key features of the personnel systems that have emerged from these varied roots, comparing them along several dimensions, and offers several suggestions for promoting a skilled and stable early care and education workforce for the 21st century. The Foundation commissioned a series of papers to understand the impact of high-quality early childhood programs that are effective in producing lasting gains for young children.


Worthy Work, STILL Unlivable Wages: The National Child Care Staffing Study 25 Years Later

On November 18, 2014, the New America Foundation (NAF) and the CSCCE will host Worthy Work, STILL Unlivable Wages: The National Child Care Staffing Study 25 Years Later.  CSCCE Director Marcy Whitebook,  along with co-PIs and authors Deborah Phillips, and Carollee Howes, will release a white paper examining the progress over the past quarter-century in improving early childhood teaching jobs and attracting and retaining a well-prepared workforce able to foster children's learning and development. In collaboration with the Labor Center, a section of the paper will present the utilization rates of public income supports by the historically low-paid early childhood teaching workforce. This event will take place on November 18th at 10am at the New America Foundation offices in Washington D.C. In addition to a brief presentation about the white paper, the event will include two panel discussions. These will respond to new evidence pointing to an urgent need to address long-standing inadequacies in how our nation prepares, supports and rewards teachers to ensure young children's optimal development.


15th Anniversary of the North Carolina Rated License Assessment Project Conference
CSCCE Director Marcy Whitebook presented ECE Workforce Research: Reflections on 40 Years.

The National Workforce Registry Alliance Annual Conference
Fran Kipnis, CSCCE Senior Specialist, in collaboration with Carlise King, Executive Director of the national Early Childhood Data Collaborative (ECDC), presented at the 2014 Annual Conference of The National Workforce Registry Alliance (Alliance).  The Alliance is a private, non-profit, voluntary organization serving states that are planning or implementing workforce registries, information systems for the early childhood education (ECE) and school-age workforce. 

The workshop, titled 'Policy Agenda for Developing Coordinated Early Childhood Systems', asked participants to identify the national and state policies needed to support the development, integration, and use of workforce data as part of a coordinated ECE data system.  This information will be used to form a joint ECDC/Alliance agenda to implement these necessary policies. 


Alliance for Early Success: Early Childhood Higher Education Inventory: Data to Action

Center on Wage and Employment Dynamics

Co-Chair Sylvia Allegretto received funding from the Ford Foundation and the Russell Sage Foundation to continue her work on the subminimum wage paid to tipped workers.

Co-Chair Allegretto also published on article in the Monthly Labor Review. "Teacher Staffing and Pay Differences: Public and Private Schools."

Policy Briefs

The Mayor of Los Angeles' Proposed City Minimum Wage Policy: A Prospective Impact Study PDF
Michael Reich, Ken Jacobs, Annette Bernhardt and Ian Perry, September 2014
CWED Brief #2014-05

San Francisco's Proposed City Minimum Wage Law: A Prospective Impact Study PDF
Michael Reich, Ken Jacobs, Annette Bernhardt and Ian Perry, August 2014
CWED Brief #2014-04

Estimated Impact of San Diego's Proposed Minimum Wage Law PDF
Michael Reich, Ken Jacobs, Annette Bernhardt and Ian Perry, June 2014
CWED Brief #2014-03

Ten Dollars or Thirteen Dollars? Comparing the Effects of State Minimum Wage Increases in California PDF
Sylvia A. Allegretto, Michael Reich and Rachel West, June 2014
CWED Brief #2014-02

The Impact of Oakland's Proposed City Minimum Wage Law: A Prospective Study PDF
Michael Reich, Ken Jacobs, Annette Bernhardt and Ian Perry, June 2014
CWED Brief #2014-01

Data and Methods for Estimating the Impact of Proposed Local Minimum Wage Laws PDF
Jeremy Welsh-Loveman, Ian Perry and Annette Bernhardt, June 2014
CWED Techinical Appendix.

Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library

New 24 Terabyte Data Storage Array Purchased

Last month the IRLE Data Working Group proposed that IRLE acquire 24 terabytes of new storage space, in order to provide ample space for the many new research initiatives underway at IRLE. The acquisition was approved and a purchase order has been created. The Working Group hopes to receive the new hardware and commence setup and figuration by the end of the calendar year, with a potential launch date of winter 2015.

IRLE Web Statistics

Unique Visitors            Visits                 Downloads         Total Hits
504,471                         916,890            5,853,705            11,207,718

Library Web Pages & Visitors:               Total Pages:  605              September Visitors: 42,350
IRLE Working Papers:                             IRLE Hits: 44,304              eScholarship Hits: 2,997

IRLE Library Acquires New Web Guides Platform

The Library is currently configuring software from Springshare, Inc., which will convert its internet and labor guides into a content management format. This will enable staff to quickly update hot topics, correct broken links and add links to new forms as media such as relevant YouTube clips and sound recordings.  The new array of guides will launch in late fall 2014.


Campus News and Events

Center for Latin American Studies (CLAS)

Fall 2014 CLAS Summer Research Symposium

This symposium is an opportunity to learn about the research done by recipients of the 2014 CLAS Summer Research Grant, which provides opportunities for graduate students to conduct field work in Latin America.


Thursday, November 6, 2014
2:00 - 3:15 pm
Friday, November 7, 2014
3:00 - 4:15 pm
CLAS Conference Room, 2334 Bowditch Street

November 3, 2014, 12:00 – 1:15 pm
"Understanding the Latin American Economy, 1850-1950",
Brad DeLong is a professor of Economics at UC Berkeley and a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research.

Center for Japanese Studies (CJS)

November 13, 2014
180 Doe Library
"Is it Possible to Achieve Work-Family Balance in Japan?: Culture, Institutions, and Personal Agency",
Panelist/Discussants: Dr. Masako Ishii-Kuntz, Professor, Department of Social Sciences and Family Studies, Ochanomizu University, Tokyo; Dr. Kumiko Nemoto, Professor, Department of Global Affairs, Kyoto University of Foreign Studies, Kyoto; Dr. Yuko Onozaka, Associate Professor, UiS Business School, University of Stavanger, Norway

Moderator: Dr. Susan Holloway, Graduate School of Education, University of California, Berkeley

Demography Brown Bag Seminar
2232 Piedmont Avenue
12:10 to 1:00pm

November 5, 2013
"The Effects of Demographic and Educational Changes on the Labor Market of Brazil and Mexico", Ernesto F. L. Amaral, RAND Corporation

Economics Department

Economics 217, Risk Seminar
639 Evans Hall

October 21, 2014
"Asset-Liability Modeling in Pension Plans", Robert Anderson, UC Berkeley

Economics 218, Psychology and Economics Seminar
648 Evans Hall

November 4, 2014
"Do Monetary Incentives Crowd Out Intrinsic Motivation? A Field Test in the Workplace",
Constanca Esteves-Sorenson, Yale

Economics 231, Public Finance Seminar
648 Evans Hall

November 3, 2014
"Taxation, Migration, and Innovation: The Effect of Taxes on the Location of Star Scientists", Enrico Moretti, UC Berkeley; Daniel Wilson, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco

Economics 237, Macro Economics Workshop
597 Evans Hall

November 4, 2014
"A Static and Microfounded Theory of Zipf's Law for Firms and of the Top Labor Income Distribution", Francois Geerolf, UCLA

Economics 251, Labor Economics Seminar
648 Evans Hall

October 23, 2014
"You're In then You're Out: The Incidence and Effects of Being Outsourced", Johannes Schmieder, Boston University

November 6, 2014
"Making Top Managers: The Role of Elite Colleges and Elite Peers", Seth Zimmerman, Princeton University

November 20, 2014
"Targeted Vouchers, Competition Among Schools, and the Academic Achievement of Poor Students", Christopher Neilson, Yale University
Economics 271, Planning and Development Seminar
648 Evans Hall

Economics 281, International Trade and Finance Seminar
597 Evans Hall

October 28, 2014
"The One-Child Policy and Household Savings", Nicolas Coeurdacier, SciencesPo

Center for Labor Economics, Labor Lunch Series
648 Evans Hall

October 24, 2014
"The Cost of Removing Deadlines: Evidence from Medicare"
12-1:30 p.m.  Note change in time
Tarso Mori Madeira, University of California, Berkeley

October 31, 2014
"Performance Pay, the Gender Earnings Gap, and Parental Status", Daniel Parent, HEC Montréal

Development and Planning, Development Lunch Series
648 Evans Hall

October 28, 2014
"From Caring to Work: The Labor Market Effects of Noncontributory Health Insurance", Alejandro del Valle

November 18, 2014
"Productivity Impacts of China's Special Economic Zones", Yiwen Cheng

Institute for the Study of Societal Issues (ISSI)

November 18, 2014
Wildavsky Conference Room, ISSI, 2538 Channing Way

ISSI Colloquia Speaker Series:
The Remittance Landscape: The Spaces of Migration in Rural Mexico and Urban USA
Sarah Lynn Lopez, Assistant Professor, School of Architecture, University of Texas, Austin

International migrant remittances have received much attention in the last ten years, as-according to the World Bank-flows increased from 72.3 billion in 2001 to an estimated 483 billion in 2011. While dollars sent home are used for an array of expenses, little is known about how they are used to turn migrant aspirations into concrete and fired-brick realities. This talk explores the remittance landscape-the built environment elements in rural Mexico that have been envisioned by migrants and erected with dollars-as well as the spaces in both Mexico and the U.S. defined by information flows, practices, and organizations that give rise to remitting as a way of life. I argue that the architectures of migration are powerful evidence of the aims, desires, and fears that drive social change in rural Mexico and urban USA; producing complex results for migrants, their families, and their home communities who must balance new kinds of freedom and agency with familial fragmentation, changing social norms, increased responsibility, and growing debt.