April 2013 (No. 64)

Editor: Terence K. Huwe
Contributors: Marcy Whitebook, Stefanie Kalmin, Janice Kimball, Jenifer MacGillvary, Netsy Firestein, Laura Sakai

In This Issue:

Especially Recommended:

IRLE Colloquium Series

Monday, April 15 Ι 12pm – 1pm
"Political Parties and Labor Market Outcomes. Evidence from U.S. States"
Louis-Philippe Beland, Economics, University of Montreal, Canada

Monday, April 22 Ι 12pm – 1pm
"Health and Happiness in Wealthy Democracies: A Comparative Analysis"
Jerome Karabel, Sociology, UC Berkeley

Monday, April 29 Ι 12pm – 1pm
"From Publication to Public Action: Lessons learned from the Berkeley Center for Green Chemistry"
Michael Wilson, Labor Occupational Health Program, School of Public Health

IRLE News and Events
IRLE Colloquium Series, Spring 2013
Symposium on The Politics of America’s Fight Against Global Warming
Expert Commissions and Migration Policy Making

IRLE Program News
The Labor Center
California Public Employee Relations
Center for the Study of Child Care Employment
Center for Wage and Employment Dynamics
Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library
The Labor Project for Working Families

Campus News and Events
UC Berkeley Events


IRLE News and Events

IRLE’s Spring 2013 Colloquium Series

All events are located at the Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, 2521 Channing Way, Berkeley, CA. A light lunch will be served.

To attend an event:Please RSVP to Myra Armstrong, zulu2@berkeley.edu

Monday, April 1, 2013 Ι 12 PM – 1PM
"Apprentice Pay in Metalworking in Britain, Germany and Switzerland: Institutions, Market Forces
and Market Power"
Paul Ryan, Economics, University of Cambridge

Trainee pay is central to the economics of work-based training. The pay of metalworking apprentices is high in Britain, middling in Germany, and low in Switzerland, despite the similarity of training programmes in the three countries. This paper analyses these differences in trainee pay using fieldwork evidence and survey data. A range of potential determinants is identified, drawing on both economic and institutionalist theories. Human capital theory focuses on differences in pay in markets for unskilled and skilled labour. Several institutional attributes – including collective bargaining, employer co-ordination, upper-secondary education, and modes of public subsidy – are seen to influence apprentice pay, operating through supply, demand and price setting in markets for training places. Institutional support for apprenticeship training appears to involve important complementarities in both Germany and Switzerland, by contrast to a less coherent and more market-driven approach in Britain.

Monday, April 15, 2013 Ι 12 PM – 1PM
"Political Parties and Labor Market Outcomes. Evidence from U.S. States"
Louis-Philippe Beland, Economics, University of Montreal, Canada

This paper estimates the causal impact of partisan allegiance (Republican or Democratic) of U.S. governors on labor market outcomes. I match data from gubernatorial elections with data from March Current Population Survey (CPS) for income years 1977 to 2008, and eliminate the endogeneity of election outcomes from labor market conditions by using a regression discontinuity design. I find that Democratic governors are associated with lower average individual earnings. I provide evidence that this is driven by a change in workforce composition following an expansion in employment of workers with low and medium earnings. I also find that Democratic governors cause a reduction in the racial earnings gap between Black and White workers through an increase in the annual hours worked by Blacks relative to Whites. I then explore policies to explain the results. Over a wide range of models, controls and specifications, the estimates are consistent and robust.

Monday, April 22, 2013 Ι 12 PM – 1PM
"Health and Happiness in Wealthy Democracies: A Comparative Analysis"
Jerome Karabel, Sociology, UC Berkeley

Monday, April 29, 2013 Ι 12 PM – 1PM
"From Publication to Public Action: Lessons learned from the Berkeley Center for Green Chemistry"
Michael Wilson, Labor Occupational Health Program, School of Public Health

Over the last century, industrial chemicals have become ubiquitous in materials, products, and manufacturing processes used throughout society. Each year, about 34 million metric tons of chemical substances are produced in, or imported into, the United States every day. While the widespread use of industrial chemicals has contributed greatly to economic growth and improvements in life expectancy and living conditions, it has also produced an array of health and environmental problems that are affecting societal sustainability. Over the next 25 years, global chemical production is projected to double, rapidly outpacing the rate of population growth. A deep reorientation of the material basis of society is needed; this approach is captured in the principles of green chemistry.


Symposium on The Politics of America’s Fight Against Global Warming

Wednesday April 3, 2013,  4 P.M.– 5:30 P.M.

Place:  Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, 2521 Channing Way

Theda Skocpol, Victor S. Thomas Professor of Government and Sociology, Harvard University

Eric Schickler, Jeffrey & Ashley McDermott Endowed Chair Professor of Political Science, Charles and Louise Travers Department of Political Science, UC Berkeley

Brad Johnson, campaign manager for Forecast the Facts, an organization dedicated to mobilizing people on behalf of scientific work about global warming

Emilee Pierce, Media-Matters, expert on issues related to energy and environment

Co-Sponsored by:  The Scholars’ Strategy Network and the Charles and Louise Travers Political Science Department

Did environmentalists fail to make the most of the opportunities created by the major electoral gains of Democrats in 2008?  Why did cap and trade legislation go down to defeat? A report by Theda Skocpol argues that the failure of environmentalists can be attributed to the elite-oriented, inside the beltway political strategy they pursued.  Panelists will discuss the report, considering how the strategies of environmentalists and the Congress they confronted contributed to the defeat of climate change legislation.

The report is available at: http://www.scholarsstrategynetwork.org/sites/default/files/skocpol_captrade_report_january_2013_0.pdf


Expert Commissions and Migration Policy Making

ILRE Large Conference Room
2521 Channing Way (www.irle.berkeley.edu)
Friday, April 19, 2013

Conference Objectives
The purpose of this conference is to explore the use of expert commissions to provide advice and/or to establish quotas for the number of foreign workers to admit, especially in STEM fields. This conference explores the promises and pitfalls of independent expert commissions to provide recommendations on immigration and integration. The papers will be published in Migration Letters (http://migrationletters.com).

We are grateful to the Austrian Marshall Plan Foundation (www.marshallplan.at), the UCB European Union Center of Excellence (http://eucenter.berkeley.edu), and the Gifford Center for Population Studies (www.gifford.ucdavis.edu) for their support of this conference. 

Lunch will be provided. If you would like to participate, please email Philip Martin (plmartin@ucdavis.edu)


Friday, April 19, 2013
ILRE Director's Conference Room , 2521 Channing Way, UC Berkeley

9:00 a.m.
Welcome and Introductions:
Philip Martin, UC Davis
Eugen Stark, Austrian Marshall Plan
Bev Crawford, UC Berkeley
Michael Reich, IRLE Director and Professor of Economics

9:15 a.m.
Why Migration Commissions? Responding to Employer Requests for Migrant Workers
Ray Marshall, UT and former US Secretary of Labor

10:00 a.m. — Break
10:15 a.m.
Independent Migration Commissions in Europe
Austria: Gudrun Biffl, Donau University
Britain:  Martin Ruhs, Oxford Germany
Europe: Jonathan Chaloff, OECD
Discussants, Michael Reich, UC Berkeley, Richard Holden, BLS, Harley Shaiken, UC Berkeley

12:15 p.m.  — Lunch
1:00 p.m.
Population Projections and Migration Commissions
Georg Fischer, European Commission, DG Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion
Michael Teitelbaum, Harvard University
Lindsay Lowell, Georgetown University
Discussants, Ron Lee, UCB, Irene Bloemraad, UCB

3:00 p.m. — Adjourn



The Labor Center

New Book

Behind the Kitchen Door Behind the Kitchen Door, written by Food Labor Research Center director Saru Jayaraman, was released by Cornell University Press this month.

From the publisher:

How do restaurant workers live on some of the lowest wages in America? And how do poor working conditions-discriminatory labor practices, exploitation, and unsanitary kitchens-affect the meals that arrive at our restaurant tables? Food Labor Research Center director Saru Jayaraman sets out to answer these questions by following the lives of restaurant workers in eight American cities. Blending personal narrative and investigative journalism, her book is an exploration of the political, economic, and moral implications of dining out.

Saru and her book have received wide coverage and acclaim. Bill Moyers profiled Saru and the campaign to increase the tipped minimum wage on his PBS program. Saru also appeared on CNN’s Starting Point with Soledad O’Brien and Up with Chris Hayes on MSNBC.

Related press and reviews:

Restaurant Workers: Saru Jayaraman Takes Us 'Behind the Kitchen Door
AFL-CIO Now, February 27, 2013

Why Is the Restaurant Lobby Making Us Sick?
Huffington Post, February 20, 2013

Could You Live on $2.13 Per Hour – Even With Tips? That's the Minimum Wage for Waiters
AlterNet, February 14, 2013

Why the Other NRA Loves the First Lady
Huffington Post, February 15, 2013

A Valentine's Day wish: Fairness for food workers
Pesticide Action Network, February 14, 2013

How the Other NRA Is Making Us Sick
Food Safety News, February 15, 2013

Going Behind the Kitchen Door to Inspire A Different Kind of Foodie
ColorLines, February 11, 2013

Behind the Kitchen Door (book review)
Reviewed by Penny Pleasance
New York Journal of Books, February 7, 2013

Quick Reads: "Behind the Kitchen Door" By Saru Jayaraman (book review)
Mother Jones, February 7, 2013

In the kitchen, injustice thrives
Op-ed by Saru Jayaraman
New York Daily News, February 6, 2013

To Consider: Seeking Better Conditions For Restaurant Employees
New York Times Diner's Journal "Front Burner," February 5, 2013

Fight flu, give restaurant workers paid sick leave
Op-ed by Saru Jayaraman
CNN Opinion, January 30, 2013

Do You Give As Much Thought to Restaurant Workers as You Do to Your Organic Chicken?
An interview with Saru Jayaraman by Amy Dean
Truthout, January 28, 2013

Justice for Food Workers: An Interview with Sarumathi Jayaraman
Civil Eats, September 4, 2012

Healthcare cost-estimate calculator
The new website for Covered California – California’s health benefits exchange – features the healthcare cost-estimate calculator developed by the Labor Center and the IRLE library. By all indications, the calculator is being widely utilized. The Labor Center has been receiving phone calls and emails with questions and compliments on the important tool.

New Grant
The California Endowment has funded a second year of research on health policy issues.  The titled of the project is “California Health Policy Research Program, 2013-2014." Grant Amount:  $350,000. Ken Jacobs, Labor Center Chair, is the Principal Investigator

New Reports
Black Employment and Unemployment in 2012
By Steven Pitts, February 2013
During 2012, the economy grew by approximately 1.9 million jobs.  This growth was fairly steady throughout the year: in eight months, the monthly increase ranged between 112,000 and 196,000. Despite this slow but steady increase in non-farm payroll employment, there were minimal changes in the unemployment rate and employment-population ratio for Black workers during the year. However, white workers fared better than Black workers in 2012.

Which workers are most at risk of reduced work hours under the Affordable Care Act?
By Dave Graham-Squire and Ken Jacobs, February 2013
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) requires employers to provide coverage or pay a penalty based on the number of employees working 30 or more hours per week. This data brief looks at which industries have a high percentage of employees working fewer than or slightly above 30 hours, placing them at risk for reduced hours by an employer wishing to avoid penalties.

Labor Education

Labor Summer
The Labor Center is offering an exciting opportunity for UC students to become summer interns with cutting-edge unions and community-based organizations in Northern and possibly Central California. The Labor Summer Internship Program is an innovative PAID internship for UC graduate and undergraduate students, providing opportunities to learn from and work with organizations fighting for justice for California's working people. The internship will run from June 24 through August 16, 2013. Learn more here; the application form will be posted soon. Unions and CBOs interested in hosting an intern can learn more here.

Latino Leadership School

The Labor Center is proud to announce the return of the Latino Leadership School, a workshop for Spanish-speaking emerging leaders from unions and community-based organizations. The program will take place May 17-19, 2013 at St. Dorothy’s Rest Retreat Center near Santa Rosa, CA. Registration and more information to be posted on our website; please check back with us soon at laborcenter.berkeley.edu.

Other press
50 Years After the March on Washington, the Fight for Jobs and Freedom Continues
AFL-CIO Now blog post by Steven Pitts, February 28, 2013

The furlough effect: Why automatic cuts might not reduce the deficit at all
MSNBC, February 26, 2013

Healthcare overhaul may threaten California's safety net
Los Angeles Times, February 25, 2013

Assembly Health Committee Passes Medi-Cal Expansion
California Progress Report, February 20, 2013

California will reportedly come out ahead on Medi-Cal expansion
KPCC Southern California Public Radio, February 19, 2013

Won't Somebody Please (Not) Think of the Children? On the Benefits of Pre-K for Parents
Next New Deal: The Blog of the Roosevelt Institute, February 15, 2013

Editorial: California must expand Medi-Cal
San Francisco Chronicle, February 1, 2013

How Might Immigration Reform Influence Health Care Reform?
California Healthline, January 31, 2013


California Public Employee Relations

CPER No. 209 (March 2013) is now online at http://cper.berkeley.edu
The issue includes the following main articles, in addition to recent developments in public sector labor relations, arbitration decisions, and decisions of the Public Employment Relations Board.
Why Can’t We Contract Out Half Our Workforce?
Irma Rodriguez Moisa, Nate Kowalski, and Lisa M. Carrillo
Atkinson, Andelson, Loya, Ruud & Romo

In the wake of the economic recession that rocked the country over the past few years, cities and counties have searched for ways to trim their budgets. Because a significant proportion of a public entity’s funds are dedicated to personnel costs, an increasingly popular option has been to contract with another public or private entity to provide public services that are currently performed by an agency’s own civil service employees. There are a number of advantages and disadvantages associated with contracting out public services.  But, as critical as these personnel considerations are, it is equally as important to review the legal parameters associated with the decision to enter contracts for public services. This article provides the legal framework a public agency must consider before making such a decision.

It’s After January 1, 2013...What Should We Do with Our Retired Annuitants?
Sabrina Thomas
Renne Sloan Holtzman Sakai
Since the new year began, the phone has been ringing off the hook. Anxious clients are calling because they are not quite sure how to handle employment situations for retired annuitants. Given the continuing fiscal pressures on public agencies, many are being forced to consider rehiring these retirees — and they fear running afoul of the newly enacted California Public Employees’ Retirement System rules. In addition, public entities are being asked to defend this hiring practice in the face of civil servants still being furloughed, and in some cases, laid off. Public employers should have questions and concerns. Since the recent enactment of Assembly Bill 1028, Senate Bill 1021, and the infamous Assembly Bill 340, also known as the Public Employees’ Pension Reform Act of 2013 (PEPRA), there have been significant changes to the waiting period for, use of, and frequency of hiring retired annuitants.

Recent Developments in this issue...AB 646 and effects bargaining...mixed results for mixed-motive cases...San Francisco’s pay equity proposals...Los Angeles’s ERB...teacher evaluations and credentialing...No Child Left Behind waivers... bargaining online education...avoiding PEPRA...retiree health benefits...whistleblower hurdles...and more.

Published in 2013...
Pocket Guide to Due Process in Public Employment (3rd edition)

Published in 2012...
Pocket Guide to Public Sector Mediation in California (new)
Pocket Guide to the Family and Medical Leave Acts (4th edition)
Pocket Guide to the Firefighters Bill of Rights Act (2nd edition)
Pocket Guide to the Meyers-Milias-Brown Act (14th edition)
Pocket Guide to the Public Safety Officers Procedural Bill of Rights Act (14th edition)

Coming soon...
Pocket Guide to the Public Employees’ Pension Reform Act (PEPRA) (new!)
Pocket Guide to the Ralph C. Dills Act (3rd edition)
Pocket Guide to Workplace Rights of Public Employees (3rd edition)

For more information or to order CPER publications, visit


Center for the Study of Child Care Employment

For a full listing of the center’s events and activities, please see the CSCCE Web Site (http://www.irle.berkeley.edu/cscce/)


Center for Wage and Employment Dynamics

For CWED's recent news and events, please visit the CWED Web Site (http://www.irle.berkeley.edu/cwed/)

Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library

UK Makes Strong Push for Open Access to Scholarship

As of April 1st, 2013, the Research Councils UK (RCUK) and the Wellcome Trust will require open access (unrestricted, online access) to all peer-reviewed and published scholarly research papers they have funded.  In order to be in compliance with these policies, journals must offer authors the option to pay a fee to make their articles open access (often referred to as “Gold Open Access”).

Further Information:  http://www.rcuk.ac.uk/media/news/2012news/Pages/121108.aspx

The “Finch Group” Issues Major Report Affecting UK Scholarship

The National Working Group on Expanding Access to Published Research Findings (the ‘Finch Group’) published a report titled Accessibility, sustainability, excellence: how to expand access to research publications. The report sets out an encouraging and challenging road map to improve open access to scholarly literature.

Further Information:  http://www.researchinfonet.org/publish/finch/

California Curation Center (C3) News

Merritt source code. The source code for Merritt’s Storage, Ingest, and Fixity is now freely available on Bitbucket (a free source code hosting service).

DMPTool grants. The DMPTool held its kick off meeting for both the Sloan Foundation and IMLS grants. Reports, links and other info available here: https://blogs.library.ucla.edu/dmptool/2013/03/07/kickoff-meetings-for-newly-funded-dmptool-projects/ .

DMPTool social media. Stay informed about the DMPTool progress via Facebook: http://on.fb.me/YLvVD0  and Twitter:  https://twitter.com/TheDMPTool


Labor Project for Working Families


Share your FMLA leave story
February 5th marked 20 years since unions helped pass the Family and Medical Leave Act. Did you take time to care for yourself, a sick family member or a precious new born?  Tell us about it.

Save the Date!

FMLA 20th Anniversary Celebration & Symposium
We hope to see you in San Francisco on Friday, July 26, 2013.

4:30 – 6:00 pm – Symposium
6:00 – 8:30 pm – Dinner, Friends & Program

For information on Sponsorships, Tribute Ads,  and Tickets, contact laurie@earpevents.com or 510-839-3100.

In The News
Visit our Press Room to read our blogs and listen to our podcasts.



Blum Center for Developing Economies
April 11, 2013
Blum Hall
Careers and Futures: Conversations with Activists and Innovators in Poverty Action: Speaker: Kathleen Kelly Janus, human rights lawyer and co-founder of Spark

Center for Latin American Studies
Tuesday, April 23, 2013
4:00 pm
CLAS Conference Room
2234 Bowditch Street
Inside Major League Baseball's Dominican Sweatshop System, Ian Gordon, Reporter for Mother Jones

Center for Latino Policy Research
Speaker Series
April 25, 2013
Shorb House Conference Room
2547 Channing Way
“Transnational (After)life: Migrant Transnationalism and Engagement in U.S. and Mexican Politics”, Adrían Félix, UC President's Postdoctoral Fellow, Latin American & Latino Studies, University of California, Santa Cruz

Center for Korean Studies
April 18, 2013
Institute of East Asian Studies
2223 Fulton, 6th Floor
“South Korea’s Latte Paradox: Inventing the Barista as a Service Professional”, Jee-Eun Song, Korea Foundation Postdoctoral Scholar

Economics Department

Economics 225, Oliver E. Williamson Seminar on Institutional Analysis
C325 Cheit Hall

April 25, 2013
Healthcare Exceptionalism: Productivity and Allocation in the U.S. Healthcare Sector, Chad Syverson
University of Chicago

Economics 231, Public Finance Seminar
648 Evans Hall

April 24, 2013
“Trade Adjustment: Worker Level Evidence”, David Autor, MIT
4-5:30 p.m
648 Evans Hall (Note change in date, time, and location)

Graduate School of Journalism
Thursday May 2, 2013, 12:00 PM - May 5, 2013 12:00 PM
North Gate Hall

Changing Face of America: Inside the Latino Vote and Immigration Reform
The Changing Face of America: Inside the Latino Vote and Immigration Reform is an immigration journalism institute taking place at the UC Berkeley Graduate School of Journalism on May 2-5, 2013. We are now seeking professional immigration reporters to apply for one of 20 New York Times Fellows positions. Selected fellows will be invited to attend the institute, and travel assistance will be provided. Highlights from the conference will include: hands-on training in demographic analysis; up-to-the-minute assessments of legislation in play in Washington and the power dynamics behind it; an examination of this year’s political debate in the context of history, current immigration law, state-federal battles and recent developments in immigration enforcement; and much more.
Application deadline is March 8. For more information, visit our homepage or click here to apply  Further questions can be directed to rwitte@berkeley.edu.

Institute of Governmental Studies
April 2, 2013
9 a.m.-5 p.m
223 Moses Hall
Challenging Urban Borders: The Geopolitics of Immigration and Segregation, Conference

Poverty and Homelessness Symposium (Fifth Annual Event)
“Why Me, Why Them: The Right to Live”
April 14, 2013
11 a.m.-4 p.m.
Wheeler Hall
Maude Fife Room

Science Libraries @ UC Berkeley
April 11, 2013
DataUp Workshop, Carly Strasser, UC Curation Center
11 a.m.-12 p.m
Valley Life Sciences Building, Bioscience Library Training Room, 2189 VLSB