January/ February 2013 (No. 62)

Editor: Terence K. Huwe
Contributors: Marcy Whitebook, Stefanie Kalmin, Janice Kimball, Jenifer MacGillvary, Netsy Firestein, Laura Sakai

In This Issue:

Especially Recommended:

IRLE Colloquium Series

Monday, February 4, 2013 Ι 12pm – 1pm
'Are Flexible Workers More Insecure? An Integrated Approach Based on Micro-data'
Matteo Richiardi, University of Turin, Italy

Monday, February 11 Ι 12pm – 1pm
'Universal Paid Sick Leave'
Vicky Lovell, California Department of Social Services

Monday, February 25 Ι 12pm – 1pm
'Enforcement of Labor Standards'
Miranda Dietz, Center for Labor Research and Education

IRLE News and Events
IRLE Colloquium Series Announced
Recent Working Papers

IRLE Program News
The Labor Center
California Public Employee Relations
Center for the Study of Child Care Employment
Center for Wage and Employment Dynamics
Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library
The Labor Project for Working Families

Campus News and Events
UC Berkeley Events


IRLE News and Events

IRLE’s Spring 2013 Colloquium Series Announced

All events are located at the Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, 2521 Channing Way, Berkeley, CA. A light lunch will be served.

Note:  Additional events will be added as the Spring Colloquium Series is finalized.

To attend an event:Please RSVP to Myra Armstrong, zulu2@berkeley.edu

Monday, January 28, 12pm –1pm
Low Wage Work and Minimum Wages in Germany
Gerhard Bosch, University Duisburg-Essen, Director of the Institute for Work, Skills and Training

Monday, February 4, 12 PM –1PM
Are Flexible Workers More Insecure? An Integrated Approach Based on Micro-data
Matteo Richiardi, University of Turin, Italy

Monday, February 11, 12 PM –1PM
Universal Paid Sick Leave
Vicky Lovell, California Department of Social Services

Monday, February 25, 12 PM –1PM
Enforcement of Labor Standards
Miranda Dietz, CLRE (Center for Labor Research & Education), IRLE

Monday, March 11, 12 PM –1PM
When Employers Go Rogue: Unregulated Work and Policies to Raise Standards in the US Labor Market
Annette Bernhardt, NELP (National Employment Law Project

Monday, April 8, 12 PM –1PM
To Be Announced
Michael Wilson, Labor Occupational Health Program, School of Public Health

Monday, April 22, 12 PM –1PM
To Be Announced
Jerome Karabel, Sociology, UC Berkeley


Recent Working Papers

Papers are available online at:

An Exceptional Nation? American Political Values in Comparative Perspective
Working Paper No. 136-12
December 2012
Jerome Karabel and Daniel Laurison

Prices Matter: Comparing Two Tests of Adverse Selection in Health Insurance
Working Paper No. 135-12
December 2012
Rachel Polimeni and David Levine

The Rising Strength of Management, High Unemployment and Slow Growth: Revisiting Okun’s Law
Working Paper No. 134-12
November 2012
Michael Reich

The Transformation of Mortgage Finance and the Industrial Roots of the Mortgage Meltdown
Working Paper No. 133-12
October 2012
Neil Fligstein and Adam Goldstein

Sucker Punched by the Invisible Hand
Working Paper No. 132-12
September 2012
Neil Fligstein and Adam Goldstein



The Labor Center

New Publications

Medi-Cal Expansion under the Affordable Care Act: Significant Increase in Coverage with Minimal Cost to the State
January 2013, by Laurel Lucia, Ken Jacobs, Greg Watson, Miranda Dietz, and Dylan H. Roby for the UC Berkeley Center for Labor Research and Education and the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research

The Medi-Cal Expansion under the Affordable Care Act will expand eligibility to more than 1.4 million low-income adults in California beginning in 2014, if enacted by the state. Other mandatory provisions of the ACA will lead to increased enrollment among Californians who are already eligible for Medi-Cal but not enrolled. The authors predict the increase in Medi-Cal enrollment under the ACA using the California Simulation of Insurance Markets (CalSIM) model and estimate the associated new federal and state spending. The study finds that the new state spending on Californians newly eligible for Medi-Cal will be largely offset by increased state tax revenues and potential savings in other areas of the budget.

This report has received extensive media coverage:

Legislation proposed to help California launch healthcare overhaul
Los Angeles Times, January 29, 2013

Calif. Health care exchange at a glance
San Francisco Chronicle, January 28, 2013

Medi-Cal Expansion: Covering More Californians for Less
California Labor Federation, Labor's Edge blog, January 28, 2013

California lawmakers set to tackle healthcare expansion
Los Angeles Times, January 25, 2013

Thomas D. Elias: Is Obamacare good for state?
Appeal-Democrat, January 21, 2013

Wary of cost, Brown commits state to health reform
Seattle Post-Intelligencer, January 13, 2013

Governor's Proposals for Medicaid Expansion
KQED, The California Report State of Health, January 10, 2013

Medi-Cal, health-care reform and the ER collide
Newsreview.com, January 10, 2013

Medicaid expansion could bring big benefit to state with little investment
Sacramento Business Journal, January 9, 2013

Weighing The Pros And Cons Of Expanding Medi-Cal
Dylan Roby on KPBS Radio’s Midday Edition, January 9, 2013

Viewpoints: Expanded Medi-Cal will bring federal money in reform
Op-ed, Sacramento Bee, January 9, 2013

New study helps build the case for expanding Medi-Cal
Op-ed, Los Angeles Times, January 8, 2013

Study: State Faces 'Minimal' New Costs With Medi-Cal Expansion
California Healthline, January 8, 2013

Analysis: Medicaid Expansion Brings 'Minimal' State Costs
The California Report's State of Health blog, January 7, 2013

UC study sees 'minimal' state costs from Medi-Cal expansion
Sacramento Bee Capitol Alert blog, January 7, 2013


Training for the Future: Workforce Development For a 21st Century Utility
Los Angeles's Utility Pre-Craft Trainee Program

January 2013, by Ellen Avis and Carol Zabin

This report describes the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) Utility Pre-Craft Trainee (UPCT) program and highlights the features of the program that make it a best practice model for entry-level workforce train­ing in the green economy. While many green training programs around the country have been criticized for providing only short-term training with poor job placement rates, the UPCT provides entry-level workers with pathways into real careers.

The UPCT program was developed by the LADWP and the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW) Local 18. UPCT is an earn-while-you-learn, pre-apprenticeship in which trainees work full time weatherizing the homes of low-income utility customers while also learning other skills and preparing for the civil service exams and career opportunities in the utility. The program includes a wage standard of $16 per hour plus benefits, considerably more than most workers earn doing residential weatherization through other programs. The UPCT program has received strong support from RePower LA, a broad coalition of environmentalists, low-income advocates, and labor, which sees this program as a central element of its ongoing campaign to both reduce the city's carbon footprint and create good jobs for local workers.

New Center

The founding of the Food Labor Research Center (FLRC), a project of the Labor Center, was announced in December 2012. The FLRC is the first research center in the country to focus on the intersection of food justice and worker justice. It conducts research and education on the wages and working conditions of workers along the food chain, and the impact these conditions have not only on workers but also on employers and consumers.

Founding Director Saru Jayaraman has been working on the issue of food labor justice for over a decade. After 9/11, together with displaced World Trade Center workers, she co-founded the Restaurant Opportunities Center in New York, which has organized restaurant workers to win workplace justice campaigns, conduct research and policy work, partner with responsible restaurants, and launch cooperatively-owned restaurants. ROC now has 10,000 members in 19 cities nationwide. The story of Saru and her co-founder's work establishing ROC has been chronicled in the book The Accidental American. Saru is a graduate of Yale Law School and the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. She was profiled in the New York Times "Public Lives" section in 2005, and was named one of Crain's "40 Under 40" in 2008, 1010 Wins' "Newsmaker of the Year," and one of New York Magazine's "Influentials" of New York City. She co-edited The New Urban Immigrant Workforce, (ME Sharpe, 2005), and authored Behind the Kitchen Door, forthcoming from Cornell University Press.

Saru, the FLRC, and her recent report A Dime a Day: The Impact of the Miller/Harkin Minimum Wage Proposal on the Price of Food have received significant media attention over the past few months:

McDonald's Christmas Memo Suggests More Workers May Clock In On Holiday
Huffington Post, December 19, 2012

UC Berkeley Launches First-Ever Food Labor Research Center
Food First, December 18, 2012

McDonald's $8.25 Man and $8.75 Million CEO Shows Pay Gap
Bloomberg, December 12, 2012

Want To Find A Restaurant That Treats Workers Well? There's An App for That
NPR, December 10, 2012

UC Berkeley to start food labor research center
Central Valley Business Times, December 7, 2012

Food Day report analyzes how minimum wage hike would impact consumers, workers
San Francisco Chronicle, October 24, 2012

A Dime a Day for Food Worker Justice
Policy Shop, October 24, 2012

See earlier press coverage of A Dime a Day.


Other Press

Walmart in Boulder: A 'Faustian bargain'?
Denver Post, January 28, 2013

Employers brace for law's implementation
Imperial Valley Press Business, January 27, 2013

Black union activists: Time to organize workers from the grassroots up
The Final Call, January 14, 2013

Black Employment-Population Ratios Drop
New America Media, January 9, 2013

Beware of False Slogans Such as “Right to Work”
Huffington Post, January 8, 2013

Other side of jobs numbers: Unemployment grows for African-Americans, youth
San Francisco Chronicle, January 4, 2013

OAKLAND: State gets permission from feds for health exchange
KTVU, January 3, 2013

Green California to Vie With Texas as U.S. Oil Heartland: Energy
Bloomberg, December 19, 2012

Bangladesh factory fire was act of sabotage, committee finds
Los Angeles Times, December 17, 2012

A Fast Food Nation Fights for Living Wages–Against Long Odds
The Indypendent, December 10, 2012

Raley's pact reflects wins and losses on both sides
Sacramento Bee, December 8, 2012

We need more Costcos in America
Tucson Citizen, December 3, 2012

Workplace has no 401(k). Could states help?
Christian Science Monitor, November 30, 2012

Salinas safety nets catch immigrants dropped by ACA
HealthyCal, November 28, 2012

Occupy Ellsworth joins nationwide Walmart protest; company dismisses activists
Bangor Daily News, November 23, 2012

Who's Really to Blame for the Wal-Mart Strikes? The American Consumer
The Atlantic, November 22, 2012

How To Create A Financial Bucket List
San Francisco Chronicle, November 21, 2012

Pushed Over the Fiscal Cliff by Wal-Mart
Huffington Post, November 19, 2012

Walmart's Internal Compensation Documents Reveal Systematic Limit On Advancement
Huffington Post, November 16, 2012

Partnerships Build Capacity in Local Governments
New America Foundation, November 14, 2012

Time for a California Oil Severance Tax
Legal Planet, November 13, 2012

Union reaches tentative pact with Raley's rival
KSBW, November 9, 2012

Future of health care exchanges on the line
Omaha World-Herald, November 4, 2012

Proposition 32 Represents Game-Changer for California Politics
Governing, November 2, 2012

Nurses will strike at seven East Bay hospitals affiliated with Sutter Health on Thursday
Contra Costa Times, October 30, 2012

How to Deal With Remaining Millions Uninsured
California Healthline, Thursday, October 25, 2012

Labor Summer

The Labor Center is offering an exciting opportunity for UC students to become summer interns with cutting-edge unions and community-based organizations in Northern and possibly Central California. The Labor Summer Internship Program is an innovative PAID internship for UC graduate and undergraduate students, providing opportunities to learn from and work with organizations fighting for justice for California's working people.

The internship will run from June 24 through August 16, 2013. Learn more here; the application form will be posted soon. Unions and CBOs interested in hosting an intern can learn more here.

New Staff

The Labor Center welcomes Megan Emiko Scott, who will work on the Green Jobs team as a policy analyst. Megan specializes in research and policy analysis to support job quality, access, and training in California's green economy. Previously, she worked as a researcher at Strategic Concepts in Organizing and Policy Education (SCOPE), a community-based organization in Los Angeles, and as a Federal Policy Associate with Green For All in Washington, DC. Megan received a Masters in Public Policy from UCLA in 2009.


California Public Employee Relations

CPER Online Journal

Since the state budget experienced the largest shortfalls on record, without the option of deficit spending, California enacted program cutbacks to many areas –health care, public safety, education, child care, elder care, and care for the disabled. The result has been substantial layoffs in the public sector workforce, including large numbers of teachers. In the December 2012 issue of CPER online (No. 208), we were pleased to publish an article by UC IRLE economist Sylvia Allegretto and graduate student Luke Reidenbach, “Shrunken Public Sector Stands California’s Recovery.” The authors show how austerity measures have affected California’s economic recovery and assess the outcomes of recent policies on jobs and economic growth.

Over the next five years, some 300,000 active-duty, guard, and reserve service members will leave the military to return to civilian life. Many of these veterans and reservists are coming home to public employers obligated under USERRA to reemploy them in a changing economy where positions may no longer exist and questions of seniority, status, pay, and benefits must be answered based on the rights of the returning soldier. In his article, “After the Homecoming: A User’s Guide to the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act, “attorney Christopher Miller discusses the many avenues to avoid USERRA litigation and the publicity that can accompany such claims against public agencies.

Recent Developments in this issue...limits on job outsourcing...parent trigger pulled...rising pension contributions...changes to teacher evaluation…CalPERS and bankruptcy...SEIU strike...FEHA changes...CFRA leave...peace officer privacy protections...vested retirement benefits...confidentiality of computer data...and more.

To subscribe to CPER’s quarterly online journal or see a sample issue, go to http://cper.berkeley.edu.

CPER Pocket Guide Series

Pocket Guide to Due Process in Public Employment
(3rd edition, 2012) updated by Margot Rosenberg and Kate Hallward, partners, Leonard Carder
An explanation of one of the most significant constitutional guarantees to citizens in general and to the public employees in particular. The guide defines who is protected, what actions are covered, what process is due, remedies for violations, and more.

NEW GUIDE coming this spring...

Pocket Guide to the Public Employees Pension Reform Act (1st edition, 2013) by Kerianne Steele

Recently published…

Pocket Guide to Public Sector Mediation in California (1st edition, 2012) by Gerald Fecher, mediator, California State Mediation and Conciliation Service (SMCS)
Mediation continues to be a successful method for resolving labor disputes for public sector employees in California. This pocket guide discusses the various aspects of the mediation process as it applies to public agencies and employees throughout the state. The process differs among public employees depending on the governing statute. The guide outlines those differences and explains how the process typically works.

Pocket Guide to the Firefighters Procedural Bill of Rights Act (2nd edition, 2012) by J. Scott Tiedemann, managing partner, Liebert Cassidy Whitmore
In 2007, the Firefighters Procedural Bill of Rights Act was signed into law, giving California firefighters many of the same rights as peace officers, and more. Portable, readable, and affordable, the CPER guide provides an overview of the requirements of the act – a clear explanation of who’s covered and the extent of that coverage; how a disciplinary investigation is started; and what to expect concerning interrogation, privacy, discipline, administrative appeals, remedies, and more.

All guides can be ordered at the CPER website, where tables of contents for all guides appear.


Center for the Study of Child Care Employment

Marcy Whitebook, executive director of the Center for the Study of Child Care Employment (CSCCE) was a featured lecturer at the City College of New York’s The Child Book Talk Series, sponsored by the Division of Interdisciplinary Arts & Sciences at the Center for Worker Education. Dr. Whitebook focused on ways to improve quality and support effective teaching, and identified research, policy and advocacy strategies – including increasing compensation, improving work environments, and supporting on-going development – necessary to attract and retain employees.

In addition, CSCCEs Early Childhood Higher Education Inventory, designed to assess the capacity and effectiveness of two- and four-year public and private institutions of higher education in a state, is currently being implemented in New Jersey and Rhode Island.  Assessments of IHEs in New Hampshire and California will begin shortly.  Results from the Inventory will be used by policymakers to develop a more coordinated and comprehensive professional development system for the early care and education workforce.

Finally, CSCCE is pleased to announce that on January 22, 2013, Katie Robertson joined our staff as an Assistant III.  Katie will be in charge of office management and assist with research projects.  Katie joins CSCCE after working at Schiller Law Group as an administrative assistant and MetlSaw Systems, Inc. where she was in charge of accounts payable.


Center for Wage and Employment Dynamics

Sylvia Allegretto and graduate student Luke Reidenbach authored a new and timely article on the California economy article in CPER Online, titled “Shrunken Public Sector Stands California’s Recovery.” The authors show how austerity measures have affected California’s economic recovery and assess the outcomes of recent policies on jobs and economic growth.

Read the Article: http://www.irle.berkeley.edu/features/20130123_cper.html

Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library

California Digital Library Update:  Tools for Data Preservation

During 2012, The California Curation Center (known as “UC3”) released three new open-source data management tools, which are designed to simplify the process of preserving primary data. Since then the tools have been revised and improved, and are currently in use at UC Santa Cruz, UCSF and UC Irvine. The three most important tools are Merritt, EZID, and the Data Management Plan Tool. These tools are intended for use by principal investigators as a means of saving time and organizing a data plan in the early stages of research. The IRLE Library encourages everyone to become familiar with these tools, which are described below.

Merritt: Share, manage and preserve your content

Merritt is a new cost-effective repository service from the University of California Curation Center (UC3) that lets the UC community manage, archive, and share its valuable digital content. Use Merritt to provide long-term preservation of digital assets, share your research with others or meet the data sharing and preservation requirements of a grant-funded project.

Merritt is built upon a Micro-Services approach to digital curation based on devolving curation function into a set of independent, but interoperable, services that embody curation values and strategies. Since each of the services is small and self-contained, they are collectively easier to develop, deploy, maintain, and enhance. This design approach is detailed in the UC3 Curation Foundations paper.


Data Management Plan Tool:  Description

A data management plan is a formal document that outlines how to manage data during and after you complete your research. Most researchers have some form of a data management plan, but often do not know the full scope of issues to sort out or perhaps plan to figure it out later.

Developing a data management plan can be time-consuming, but it is a very important step in ensuring that research data is safe and sound for the present and future. With the right process and framework it does not take too long and can pay-off enormously in the long-run.

Many federal funding agencies are now starting to require formalized Data Management Plans. Since January 18, 2011, the National Science Foundation will require a 2-page plan as part of the formal, peer-reviewed proposal process. Other agencies will likely follow close behind.



EZID is a tool for creating & managing unique, long-term identifiers, which guarantee stable access as the Web evolves. It can be used to:

  • Create identifiers for anything: texts, data, bones, terms, etc.
  • Store citation metadata for identifiers in a variety of formats
  • Update current URL locations so citation links are never broken
  • Automate operations at scale
  • Choose from a variety of persistent identifiers, including Archival Resources Keys (ARKs) and DataCite Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs)


  • Cite a dataset immediately
  • Be cited by others
  • Register an ARK or DOI immediately
  • Assign ARKs and DOIs to your work
  • Meet funder requirements for data management plans
Save time and resources while planning for data management


Labor Project for Working Families

Retail and Food Chain Workers Demand Higher Standards

Employees across the board – from sales staff to restaurant staff – are organizing for improvements in work family benefits. The Winter 2013 issue of LaborFamilyNEWS, now online, details the efforts of these diverse groups. First, Walmart workers have organized with an eye on more-consistent scheduling. Unpredictable hours make it hard to work a second job, care for a family...or have any kind of personal life. The national worker-led organization, OUR Walmart, is making progress.

From farm to table, food workers are coming together through the Alliance of Food Chain Workers, a group of 17 organizations that strives to get paid sick days, better pay, and livable working conditions for those who provide us with our food every day. The Alliance reminds us that food workers need to provide for their own families as well.

Also in this issue: the 20th anniversary of the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) being signed into law, and a new book on the political and economic implications of eating out. The newsletter is available on the LPWF website.

Save The Date!

FMLA 20th Anniversary Celebration & Symposium
We hope to see you in San Francisco on Friday, July 26, 2013.
4:30 - 6:00 pm - Symposium
6:00 - 8:30 pm - Dinner, Friends & Program

For information on Sponsorships, Tribute Ads, and Tickets, contact laurie@earpevents.com or 510-839-3100.

In the News

Visit our Press Room to read our blogs and listen to our podcasts.




Berkeley Law
East Bay Workers' Rights Clinic
January 24 – April 4, 2013
Thursdays | 6-9 p.m.
East Bay Community Law Center
3130 Shattuck Ave., Berkeley, CA 94705
The East Bay Workers’ Rights Clinic is a graduate student-run legal clinic that has served low-income individuals in the greater Bay Area with employment-related legal concerns for over a decade. Every Thursday during the academic year, our organization holds a session to provide low-income workers around the Bay Area community with employment advice on a range of issues, including employment discrimination, unemployment, workers’ compensation, wage and hour problems, and unreported overtime. To make an appointment, please call (415) 864-8208.

Center for Race and Gender (CRG)
February 15, 2013
UndocuNation - UC Berkeley!
Symposium: 10 am – 5 pm, Multicultural Community Center
Arts Festival: 7 pm – 10 pm, International House
Free and open to the public.  Wheelchair accessible.  More info soon!
Facebook event page: https://www.facebook.com/events/129254560571437/?fref=ts

Center for South Asia Studies
Bridging the Policy–Action Divide: Challenges and Prospects for Bangladesh Conference
February 22 – 24, 2013
9 a.m.–5 p.m.
Faculty Club UC Berkeley
Further information about the conference may be obtained from:
–– Dr. Munir Quddus President, BDI Prairie View A&M University muquddus@pvamu.edu
–– Dr. Rahim Quazi Vice President, BDI Prairie View A&M University rmquazi@pvamu.edu
–– Dr. Farida Khan Secretary, BDI University of Wisconsin–Parkside faridakhan@gmail.com

Economics Department

February 25, 2013
"Efficiency and Stability in a Process of Teams Formation"
 Paolo Pin, University of Sienna

Economics 211, Economic History Seminar
597 Evans Hall

January 28, 2013
"Trade Shocks and Pro–Democracy Mass Movements: Evidence from South Asia's Independence Struggle"
Saumitra Jha, Stanford University

February 4, 2013
“New Estimates of U.S. Immigration for the Pre–World War I Era: Issues, Sources, Methods and Implications”
Drew Keeling, University of Zurich

Economics 218, Psychology and Economics Seminar
648 Evans Hall

February 19, 2013
"Working Over Time: Dynamic Inconsistency in Real Effort Tasks"
Charles Sprenger, Stanford; Muriel Niederle, Stanford

Economics 231, Public Finance Seminar
648 Evans Hall

February 4, 2013
"What Distributional Impacts Mean: Welfare Reform Experiments and Competing Margins of Adjustment"
Patrick Kline, UC Berkeley
Economics 251, Labor Economics Seminar
648 Evans Hall

February 14, 2013
“Consumption Inequality and Family Labor Supply”
Luigi Pistaferri, Stanford University

February 21, 2013
"Better Workers Move to Better Firms: A Simple Test of Identify Sorting”
Francesco Devicienti, University of Torino

Center for Labor Economics, Labor Lunch Series
648 Evans Hall

February 1, 2013
"STEM workers, H1B visas and productivity in US cities"
Giovanni Peri, Univeristy of California, Davis


Institute for the Study of Social Issues
Colloquia Speaker Series
Wildavsky Conference Room, ISSI, 2538 Channing Way               

February 6, 2013
Place and Space: The Evolving Impact of Geography on Organizational Founding
Heather Haveman,  Professor of Sociology and Business, UC Berkeley

February 19, 2013
Intergenerational Social Mobility in Contemporary Argentina: Structural Transformations, Stratification Patterns and Pathways of Upward Mobility from Working Class Origins
Pablo Dalle, Instituto Gino Germani–UBA/CONICET and ISSI Visiting Scholar


School of Social Welfare
Seventh Annual Social Justice Symposium
Saturday, February 2, 2013
8:30 am – 4:00 pm
First Presbyterian
Church of Berkeley
2407 Dana Street

February 28, 2013
Haviland Hall, Social Welfare Library
Poverty and the Empowerment of Women –– Lessons from Developing Countries for the US: Grand Challenges in Social Work

David Lewis, Professor, London School of Economics and Social Policy; Dr. Lalima Srvistava, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Berkeley School of Social Welfare; Sirojudin Sirojudin, Doctoral Fellow, Berkeley School of Social Welfare Mack Center