March - April 2007 (19)
Editor: Terence K. Huwe
Contributors: Dan Bellm, Elizabeth del Rocio Camacho, Stefanie Kalmin, Janice Kimball, Jenifer MacGillvary, Vibhuti Mehra, Dick Walker

IRLE News & Events
IIR becomes IRLE
California Studies Center Hosts: The Crisis in the California Commons, April 27-29
IRLE March Colloquia Update
Irene Bloemaad's Interdisciplinary Immigration Workshop Holds March Conference
Industrial Relations Journal: Top-Cited Articles in 2005-2006

IRLE Program News
The Labor Center
California Public Employee Relations
California Studies Center
Center for the Study of Child Care Employment
Institute of Industrial Relations Library
The Labor Project for Working Families

Campus Events
Boalt School of Law
Center for Chinese Studies
Center for Latin American Studies
Economics Department
Geography Department
Haas School of Business
Sociology Department


UC Berkeley's Institute of Industrial Relations Has a New Name

The Institute of Industrial Relations, one of the oldest and most active research institutes at UC Berkeley, has changed its name. The new name is The Institute for Research on Labor and Employment (IRLE).

The Berkeley campus has long been a center for innovative research about work, employment trends, and the labor force. IRLE's decision to update its name reflects its leadership in labor and employment research, and also strengthens the University's new statewide initiative, the Miguel Contreras Labor Program, of which IRLE is a campus-level program.

"The decision to update the Institute of Industrial Relations' name has been under discussion for some time," said Director Michael Reich. "We felt that with the Regents' vote in favor of the Contreras program, it was the right moment to change our name. California academics are leaders in many areas, such as analyzing living wage and minimum wage policies, the impact of "big box retailers", workforce demographics, new trends among labor unions, and "smart" urban and regional planning," he added. "IRLE is very well-poised to advance the study not only of organized labor and its role in society, but also newly emerging fields."

University of California labor programs began 60 years ago when former UC President Clark Kerr founded and became the first director of the Institute of Industrial Relations at UC Berkeley. The same year, a similar institute was created at UCLA, and 20 years later, the Center for Labor Research and Education was established - one at each institute - to carry out service and outreach activities with union and community partners.

UCLA's center is also changing its name to the Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, in keeping with the long tradition of collaboration between the Berkeley and UCLA institutes.

IRLE has attracted more than 85 faculty affiliates from 19 schools and departments. This strong faculty presence reflects the crucial importance of understanding how changes in work and employment and in the workforce affect all areas of modern life.

"IRLE has a very strong presence on the Berkeley campus and we are also part of a statewide network of academics spanning all UC campuses," Reich said. "The Contreras Program enables faculty throughout the state to seek research funds under the UC Labor and Education Research Fund (LERF) program, which has had a substantial impact over the past three years," he added.

Academic and Community Programs: New Growth

IRLE hosts many programs, both research-oriented and in community outreach. The Center for Labor Research and Education (CLRE) has played an important role in exploring crucial issues facing employers and workers, and training diverse new generations of labor leaders. In recent years, the CLRE has contributed ground-breaking studies in many areas, including the public costs of low-wage work, job crises facing African-Americans, the restructuring of the retail industry, trends in job-based healthcare, and labor issues in China.

IRLE's award-winning Library has undergone an extensive renovation, with the addition of a new Information Gateway, and a beautiful reading room. California Public Employee Relations, the most prominent journal for California public employee research, continues to offer incisive analyses of legal trends. The Center for the Study of Child Care Employment is a national leader in studying the emerging sector of child care employment, training and accreditation.

Most importantly, IRLE has committed itself to strong faculty support. "IRLE provides direct support to Berkeley faculty, funding graduate student researchers, sponsoring high-profile conferences and offering a colloquium series," Reich said. "The Contreras Program has greatly extended our reach, and I have made substantial support for new faculty a top priority." This has been particularly meaningful for IRLE, as the Berkeley campus has undergone an extended era of faculty recruiting. "Over the past ten years, many of the best researchers in the world have been attracted to Berkeley," Reich said. He envisions a more prominent role for IRLE in supporting new faculty, and engaging in collaborative work with other campus programs.

More information about IRLE may be found at its Web site, In the coming weeks, IRLE will transform its Web and publications to reflect its new name. "In the mean time," said Director Reich, "We're ramping up for more research and community services."

California Studies Center Hosts "The Crisis in the California Commons" Conference

Dick Walker's California Studies Center is holding a major conference April 27-29, at Berkeley City College. Full information may be found under IRLE Program News, below.

IRLE Colloquium Series: March Update

The following colloquia were held during March 2007.

Monday March 5, 12 pm- 1pm
Robert Prasch
Professor of Economics, Middlebury College
"The Postwar Academic Debate over the Minimum Wage: Professor Lester and the Neoclassicals."

Wednesday, March 14, 12 pm-1pm
Hiro Tanaka
Visiting Scholar, IRLE
Professor of Shiga Bunka College, Japan
"Legal Reform of Home Care Workers in Japan."

Thursday, March 29, 2007, 4:00-5:30 pm
A special seminar jointly sponsored by the Institute of Industrial Relations, The Center for Japanese Studies, and The Haas School of Business
Professor Christina Ahmadjian, Graduate School of International Corporate Strategy, Hitotsubashi University
"Isomorphism and diversity in corporate governance reform: The case of the Japanese electronics industry"

The Interdisciplinary Immigration Workshop: March Conference Update

The following event was held during March, and was co-sponsored by IRLE.

"Spotlight on Immigration: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Newcomers and Their Children"

Conference Highlights:

Welcoming remarks by Michael Reich, Director of the Institute of Industrial Relations & Irene Bloemraad, Assistant Professor of Sociology & faculty director of the Interdisciplinary Immigration Workshop

Panel I: Economic Determinants and Consequences of Immigration
Discussant: Steve Raphael, Professor of Public Policy

Fangfang Yao (Social Welfare): "Measuring China's Rural-to-Urban Migrants' Employment through the Four Building Blocks Approach"

Christel Kesler (Sociology): "Varieties of Inequality: Allocation, Distribution, and the Wage Disadvantages of Immigrant Workers"

Juan Carlos Surez & Znide Avellaneda (Economics): "Juanita's Money Order: Income Effects on Human Capital Investment in Mexico"

Keynote Speech:

"Native-Immigrant Boundaries and Ethnic Inequalities in North America and Western Europe" Richard Alba, Distinguished Professor of Sociology and Public Policy, University at Albany, SUNY

Panel II: Immigrant Identity and Politics

Discussant: Rachel Moran, Robert D. and Leslie-Kay Raven Professor of Law & Director of the Institute for the Study of Social Change

Keith Hiatt (JSP): "Immigrant Danger? Immigration and Increased Crime in Europe"

Ming Chen (JSP): "A Nation of Immigrants" or a "New Civil Rights Movement?"

Naomi Hsu (Social Welfare): "Chinese, Taiwanese, and Everything In Between: Towards a Better Understanding of Ethnic Self-Identification among Immigrants and Children of Immigrants from Taiwan"

Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society:
Top cited articles in 2005 and 2006

Brenner MD
The economic impact of the Boston living wage ordinance

Reich M, Hall P, Jacobs K
Living wage policies at the San Francisco Airport: Impacts on workers and businesses
INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 44 (1): 106-138 JAN 2005

Adams S, Neumark D
When do living wages bite?
INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 44 (1): 164-192 JAN 2005

Luce S
The role of community involvement in implementing living wage ordinances

Fairris D
The impact of living wages on employers: A control group analysis of the Los Angeles ordinance
INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 44 (1): 84-105 JAN 2005

Waddington J
The performance of european works councils in engineering: Perspectives of the employee representatives
INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 45 (4): 681-708 OCT 2006

Jones DC, Kalmi P, Makinen M
The determinants of stock option compensation: Evidence from Finland
INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 45 (3): 437-468 JUL 2006

Jacoby SM, Nason EM, Saguchi K
The role of the senior HR executive in Japan and the United States: Employment relations, corporate governance, and values
INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 44 (2): 207-241 APR 2005

Gustman AL, Steinmeier TL
Imperfect knowledge of Social Security and pensions
INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 44 (2): 373-397 APR 2005

IRLE Program News

The Labor Center


The Labor Center recently released a new report entitled "Declining Health Coverage in the Southern California Grocery Industry." The study documents the dramatic drop in employer-provided health insurance coverage of grocery workers in Southern California since the 2004 contract between UFCW and the three major grocery chains. To read the report or the press coverage, please visit

The Labor Center also produced a report entitled "California Healthcare: Firm Spending and Worker Coverage," along with several one-page briefs that have been distributed in Sacramento. To download, please visit:


Arindrajit Dube (with William H. Dow of the UCB School of Public Health) received a grant from the California Program on Access to Care (part of the University of California Office of the President's California Policy Research Center) for their research project on "Employer-Level Effects of an Employer Health Spending Mandate."

New Staff:

The Labor Center welcomes Karen Orlando, our new Associate Labor Specialist. Karen will run the Labor Center's successful Labor Summer program, assist with other leadership development programs, and help develop and strengthen ties between the Labor Center and UCB students, faculty and staff. Karen worked for ten years with the homecare workers at SEIU Local 616. Before that, she worked for the National Academy of Sciences as coordinator of the Robert Wood Johnson Health Policy Fellowship and the Pew Health Policy Program.

Upcoming Training:

Media Workshop: This popular two-day workshop will be offered in the near future. It was originally scheduled for Thursday & Friday, May 10 & 11, but has been postponed indefinitely.

For updates check the Labor Center Web (

California Public Employee Relations

In CPER issue No. 182 (February 2007), Tula Bogdanos and Dena Graff report on novel employment issues that have arisen under two acts which govern court employees (Trial Court Employment Protection and Governance Act) and trial court interpreters (Trial Court Interpreter Employment and Labor Relations Act). These are relatively new statutes with very little case law, yet they present some interesting issues for the courts in their role as employer of over 20,000 employees in California. The authors are attorneys with the Administrative Office of the Courts, the staff agency of the Judicial Council that has policymaking authority over the state court system.

Alan Hersh, legal counsel for the Contra Costa Country Unified School District writes about the conflict between employees wishing to express their religion and public school employers hoping to impose restrictions that will keep the public workplace neutral. Hersh discusses concerns regarding the wearing of religious garb, conflicts between religious ceremonies and work schedules, use of interoffice mail for religious material, and religious displays at work stations.

In a special report, CPER Editor Carol Vendrillo covers the case of Spielbauer v. County of Santa Clara, where the Sixth District Court of Appeal has made the case that public employees may not be disciplined for insubordination for refusing to answer questions without an express grant of immunity. Other CPER articles include how California schools are likely to miss the federal deadline for putting only "highly qualified" teachers in the classroom; that the State Personnel Board is being cited as an obstacle to prison reform; that the California Faculty Association filed suit against the California State University, claiming executive transition payments are illegal; and more.

CPER Associate Editor Katherine Thomson recently moderated a panel at the Yosemite Conference of the Bar Association's San Francisco Labor and Employment Law Section. Her subject: "Prudent Employer Prying: Current Issues and Best Practices in Workplace Investigations."

March 2, CPER Director Carol Vendrillo was the lunch speaker at the Industrial Relations Association of Northern California's Annual Labor-Management Conference, in Sacramento. The conference theme is "Labor Relations Challenges in the 21st Century."

On April 20, CPER will cosponsor the 13th Annual Labor & Employment Public Sector Program of the State Bar of California's Labor and Employment Law Section, at the Sacramento Convention Center. Carol Vendrillo is the moderator of the Arbitration panel.

Sessions include: Update on the Developing Public Sector Labor & Employment Law; Mastering the Courtroom; Controversial Negotiation Topics: Deal or Deal Breaker; Law and Order; Treacherous Terrain: Navigating Leaves of Absence Laws in the Public Sector; Turf Wars: The Ongoing Battle Over PERB's Jurisdiction; From Lawyer to Client; Free Speech in the Government Workplace ­ What Are the Boundaries and Limits; How Arbitrators Think; The Looming Health Care Crisis

For more information about the program schedule or registration, go to the State Bar website,

California Studies Center News

The California Studies Center is sponsoring a conference, The Crisis of the California Commons, at Berkeley City College, in downtown Berkeley, April 27-29, 2007. It is co-sponsored by The Commons Group and the California Studies Association.

The Commons Conference will confront the dwindling extent of California's commons, both natural and man-made, and the dangers posed by their continued depredation, privatization, and underfunding. We face a situation in this state that rivals the enclosures of seventeenth-century England and France in its social disruptions, environmental degradation, and long-term consequences for the public good.

Peter Linebaugh, noted historian of the law, customs and legacy of the British commons, will deliver the keynote address, Friday evening, April 27. Gray Brechin will present a slide show and talk on the Legacy of the New Deal in California, Saturday noon, April 28. Join us for an array of instructive sessions on California's natural resources, social services, cooperatives, education, broadcast media and information technology, led by prominent and provocative writers, teachers, activists, and public figures.

Help us take stock of our common-wealth and think about how to serve as its stewards for the future. Ponder with us what the loss of the commons in water, parks, schools and the like would mean for California life and politics. Help us consider how to resist the new corporate enclosures, and what new commons – community gardens, farmers markets or open source software­will be vital for the future.

For information concerning the conference, contact program committee chair Jeff Lustig ( or CSC chair Dick Walker (

A brochure and draft program will be out soon. Check for further information and the conference program on the CSC webpage at (click on California Focus). NB: Our webpage will soon be migrating back to IRLE.

Center for the Study of Child Care Employment

The Center has received funding from the David and Lucile Packard Foundation to conduct preparatory research on defining competencies for teachers of young children in California, and to collect broad input on this subject from the early care and education field.

CSCCE is also in the process of revamping its web site, which is due to re-launch later this month, including the posting of several new publications. More news on the Web will follow in May/June.

Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library

Intranet News:

The Library staff has rolled out a whole new Intranet. This new service will grow with time, particularly as users realize that it is "their" Intranet. We will offer a presentation on the Intranet in early April to show its new­and future features.

Journals update:

The Library is restoring a substantial list of print issues of key journals in our area of study. This will fill the gap left by "moving walls" within JSTOR, that limit access to the newest academic journals. Terry will send a full list of the restored journal series to IRLE mailing lists in early April.

Call for Book Recommendations:

Many of you find references to reports and books that would fit well in our collection. You are invited to send word of publications to us, so we can consider acquiring the materials. Our ability to do so will depend on available funds.

Visiting Scholars and Information Gateway Update

The Visiting Scholars alcove now has two computer workstations installed. The Information Gateway has its full complement of five workstations: four PCs and one Apple G5. Still to come: a sheet-feeding scanner, and detailed signage that will help patrons use the University's online services. In the coming weeks, signage ("How to use…," etc) will also be added.

Mass Digitization with LERF Funding

During April and May, the Library plans to send the publications of the California Labor Federation, AFL-CIO, and IRLE's own publications (1945-2000) to a digitization firm. In the coming months, this material, which has long term value, will become a collection in the California Digital Library's Calisphere and the Online Archive of California. This work has been made possible by the UC Labor and Employment Research Fund (LERF)

Library Meeting Reservations via CalAgenda

The Library Commons has a schedule/agenda via CalAgenda. IRLE affiliates may reserve the large conference table in the Library Commons by emailing Terry Huwe or Margaret Olney, who both will monitor the reservations requests to maintain constant oversight. The space will be "semi-private" as staff will be working and other users may be studying. Further emails will explain how to make a reservation.

The Labor Project for Working Families

Contracts Database:

The Labor Project for Working Families has a database of work/family contract language, covering issues including child care, family leave, eldercare, flexible work hours and schedules, adoption, sick days for families and more. We are currently applying for funding to put the work and family contracts database online.

Paid Family Leave Trainings:

We are offering trainings for unions on the Paid Family Leave law and other related family leave laws in California.

For work and family contract examples, please check our new website: For information on the Paid Family Leave trainings, call us at 510-643-7088.

Campus Events

Boalt Hall School of Law

The Berkeley Journal of International Law

The WTO and International Trade Law after Doha: Where do we go from here?
Keynote speaker: Deputy Director-General of the WTO
Friday March 2, 2007
Boalt Hall, Booth Auditorium

Center for Chinese Studies, Berkeley China Initiative

Monday, March 12, 2007, 5:pm
Boalt Hall, Room 110

Liu Cheng, Professor, Law and Politics, Shanghai Normal University
"Recent Developments in Chinese labor Law and the Response of Foreign Investors"
Co-sponsored by the Center for Labor Research and Education, Boalt School of Law

Center for Latin American Studies

Bay Area Latin America Forum
Friday, March 16, 2007
3:00 - 5:00 pm
Center for Latino Policy Research, 2547 Channing Way (at Bowditch)
Cynthia Feliciano, UC Irvine
"Unequal Origins: Immigrant Selectivity and Educational Mobility Among Second-Generation Latinos"

Economics Department

Economics 218, Psychology and Economics Seminar
608-7 Evans Hall

March 6 2007
Vince Crawford, U.C. San Diego
"Look-ups as the Windows of the Strategic Soul: Studying Cognition via Information Search in Game Experiments"

March 13, 2007
Lorenz Goette, Boston Federal Reserve
"Reference-Dependent Preferences and Effort: Evidence from a Field Experiment"

March 20, 2007
Stefano DellaVigna, U.C. Berkeley
"From Lab to Field: Violent Movies and Violent Crime"

Economics 221, Industrial Organization Seminar
608-7 Evans Hall

March 13, 2007 Wouter Dessein, University of Chicago
When Does Coordination Require Centralization?
(joint with Ricardo Alonso and Niko Matouschek) joint with EAP seminar 4:10 p.m. in Cheit Hall, Room C250

March 20, 2007
Richard Gilbert , UCB

Economics 222, Seminar on Innovation
C-325 Haas School

March 7, 2007 Fabio Manenti, University of Padua

March 14, 2007
Megan MacGarvie, Boston University
Entry Exit and Patenting in the Software Industry (with Ian Cockburn, Boston University)

March 21, 2007
Pia Hurmelinna-Laukkanen, Lappeenranta University of Technology
The Nature and Dynamics of Appropriability – Strategies for Appropriating Returns on Innovation (with Kaisu Puumalainen)

Economics 231, Public Finance Seminar
608-7 Evans Hall

March 8, 2007
Joe Gyourko, University of Pennsylvania
(joint with Labor Seminar)

March 14, 2007
Alberto Alesina, Harvard University
Department Seminar, 4-6 PM

March 21, 2007
George A. Akerlof, UC Berkeley
Department Seminar, 4-6 PM

Economics 235, Financial Economics Seminar
639 Evans Hall

March 5, 2007
(2-4pm, 608-7 Evans)
Raj Chetty and Emmanuel Saez, UC Berkeley
Joint with Public Finance

March 19, 2007
(12-1:30pm, C330, Haas)
Joao Cocco, London Business School
Note: You need to inform Thomas Randle by the prior Friday of your attendance. ( Lunch is provided.
Joint with Real Estate

March 13, 2007
Ricardo Caballero, MIT
TBA – Joint with International Seminar

Economics 242, Econometrics Seminar
608-7 Evans Hall
Thursdays, 4pm-6pm

March 8, 2007
Jerry Hausman, M.I.T.

March 15, 2007
Benedikt Poetscher, University of Vienna

March 22, 2007
Shakeeb Khan, Duke University

Economics 251, Labor Economics Seminar
608-7 Evans Hall

March 8, 2007
Joe Gyourko, University of Pennsylvania
Joint with Public Finance Seminar

March 15, 2007
Elaina Rose, University of Washington
Siblings and Soldiers: Family Background and Military Service in the All-Volunteer Era

March 22, 2007
Steven Raphael, University of California, Berkeley

Economics 261, Comparative Economics Seminar
119 Moses Hall

March 5, 2007 Sergei Guriev New Economics School, Moscow
Media Freedom, Bureaucratic Incentives, and Resource Curse (coauthored with Georgy Egorov, Harvard and Konstantin Sonin, New Economic School and CEPR.) (joint with PPT)

March 14, 2007
608-7 Evans
Alberto Alesina, Harvard University
Joint with department seminar

March 21, 2007
608-7 Evans
George Akerlof, UCB
Joint with department seminar

Geography Department

Geography Tea Spring 2007
4:10 p.m.
575 McCone Hall

March 14, 2007
Ananya Roy, UCB, Associate Dean of International & Area Studies, Associate Professor & Chair, Urban Studies Major, Department of City & Regional Planning,
"Poverty Experts: Debt and Discipline in the New Global Order of Development."

Haas School of Business

2007 Women in Leadership Conference
March 3, 2007
Haas School of Business

Organizational Behavior & Industrial Relations Spring 2007 Colloquium
4 - 5:30 pm
Cheit Hall, Room 330

March 7, 2007
Michele Gelfand, Dept of Psychology, University of Maryland

March 14, 2007
Joe Porac, New York University

March 21, 2007
Jennifer Kurkoski and Sebastien Brion, Haas PhD candidates

Sociology Department

Sociology Spring 2007 Colloquium
Blumer Room – 402 Barrows Hall
Thursdays, 4:00 - 5:30 pm

March 1, 2007
Richard Alba, Professor of Sociology and Public Policy, SUNY Albany
"Connecting Past, Present and Future: Reflections on Immigration and the Possibilities for Racial Change in the US"

Berkeley Journal of Sociology Annual Conference:
Globalization and Social Change
March 9, 2007
Lipman Room, 8th Floor, Barrows Hall