March 2008 (27)

Editor: Terence K. Huwe
Contributors: Dan Bellm, Elizabeth del Rocio Camacho, Stefanie Kalmin, Janice Kimball, Jenifer MacGillvary, Vibhuti Mehra, Dick Walker


Especially Recommended:

Spotlight on Immigration Conference: March 7, 2008

IRLE News & Events
Spring 2008 Colloquium Series
Industrial Relations Journal Publishes Vol. 47, No. 1
Recent Faculty Working Papers


IRLE Program News

The Labor Center
California Public Employee Relations
California Studies Center
Center for the Study of Child Care Employment
Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library
The Labor Project for Working Families


Campus News & Events


IRLE NEWS & EVENTS


Especially Recommended:

Spotlight on Immigration Conference: March 7, 2008

The Inter-Disciplinary Immigration Workshop is holding its annual one-day conference on March 7, 2008. The event will be held in the Maude Fife Room, 315 Wheeler Hall. The majority of papers will be presented by graduate students at UC Berkeley who are conducting research on immigration issues.

Conference Agenda:

8:30am Continental breakfast
9:00-9:15am Welcoming remarks
Irene Bloemraad, Assistant Professor of Sociology & faculty director of the Interdisciplinary Immigration Workshop
9:15-10:45am Claims-making, Trust, and Identity: State-Migrant Relations
Shannon Gleeson (UCB Soc/Demog) - "From Rights to Claims: The Role of Civil Society in Making Rights Real for Undocumented Workers"
Rahsaan Maxwell (UCB PolSci) - "Political Trust among British Muslims: Assimilation Not Required"
Cinzia Solari (UCB Soc) - "Between 'Europe' and 'Africa': Ukrainian Migrant Women Build the 'New Ukraine'"
11:00-12:00pm Keynote Speaker: Peggy Levitt, Wellesley College - "Tales from the Field: Reflections on the Challenges of Multi-sited Ethnography"
12:00-1:00pm Lunch
1:00-2:30pm Migrants’ Economic Mobility Part I
Edward Flores (USC Soc) - "'I Am Somebody': Victory Outreach, Masculinity and Upward Mobility in Low-Income Latino Neighborhoods"
Renee Reichland and Roger Waldinger (UCLA Soc) - "A Path to Convergence?: Labor market outcomes of Mexican origin workers"
Maria G. Rendon (Harvard Soc/Social Policy) - "Transitioning out of School and Into Young Adulthood: The Role of Neighborhoods on the Educational and Work Outcomes of Mexican-origin Youth"
2:45-3:45pm Migrants’ Economic Mobility Part II
Catherine N. Barry (UCB Demog/Soc) - "Being All They Can Be: U.S. Military Experience and the Earnings of Young Adult Immigrants"
Sang Lee (UCB ESPM) - "Weak Networks and Structures: Modes of Migration Integration into Agricultural Work"
3:45-4:15pm Legislative Update
David Rosenfeld (Labor Attorney Weinberg, Roger & Rosenfeld and BoaltSchool of Law)
Co-Counsel AFL-CIO et al v. Chertoff et al

This conference is free and open to the public.

Questions? Contact:
Shannon Gleeson sgleeson@berkeley.edu
Els deGraauw degraauw@berkeley.edu
IreneBloemraad bloemr@berkeley.edu

Download the flyer

IRLE Colloquium Series

Monday, March 10, 2008 - 12pm
Incentive System for Inventors
Hideo Owan, Professor, Graduate School of International Management. Aoyama Gakuin University / Visiting Professor, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University

Tuesday, March 25, 2008 - 12pm
Work Flexibility and Precariousness of Employment: Wages, careers and social protection for Italian non-standard workers
Fabio Berton, Visiting Student Researcher at the Center for Labor Economics, UC Berkeley, and Researcher at the LABORatorio R. Revelli –Center for Employment Studies, Collegio Carlo Alberto, Turin
Matteo Richiardi, Assistant Professor in Economics at the Technical University of Marche and Senior Researcher and head of the Microsimulation Unit at the LABORatorio R. Revelli –Center for Employment Studies, Collegio Carlo Alberto, Turin
Stefano Sacchi, Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Milan and Deputy Director of the Research Unit on European Governance URGE of the Collegio Carlo Alberto of Turin

Monday, April 7, 2008 - 12pm
Ethan Kaplan, Assistant Professor, University of Stockholm and Visiting Assistant Professor, IRLE
Title to be announced.

Monday, April 21, 2008 –12pm
Next Generation Unionism: Power, Politics and the Informational Labor Process
Chris Benner, Associate Professor of Human and Community Development at the University of California, Davis

Monday, April 28, 2008
Kim Voss, Professor of Sociology, UC Berkeley.
Title to be announced.

All events are located at the Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, 2521 Channing Way, Berkeley, CA.

To attend an event, please RSVP: Myra Armstrong, zulu2@berkeley.edu

 

Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, Volume 47, No. 1

The following articles were published in the journal in January 2008:

High-Performance Work System and Organizational Turnover in East and Southeast Asian Countries
Zeynep Y. Yalabik, Shyh-jer Chen, John Lawler, and Kwanghyun Kim
In this paper, we examine the impact of high-performance work systems (HPWSs) on both voluntary and involuntary organizational turnover rates. Most research on this topic has been done in the U.S. Given the global competitive pressures confronting many of the countries of East and Southeast Asia, companies in this region are seeking to become more flexible and often adapt HPWSs practices. We explore the impact of HPWSs in both locally owned companies and subsidiaries of multinational corporations in Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, and Thailand. These countries have significantly different national cultures from the U.S. and most other Western countries and HPWS effects in relation to turnover might vary from the dase in the U.S. Our findings are, however, somewhat consistent with US-based studies. In fact, HPWSs were found to be more effective in reducing turnover in locally owned companies than in subsidiaries of Western and Japanese multinational companies.

Back-to-front Down-under? Part-time/Full-time Wage Differentials in Australia
Alison L. Booth and Margi Wood
We investigate part-time full-time hourly wage gaps using panel data from the first four waves of the new Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey. We find that, once unobserved individual heterogeneity has been taken into account, part-time men and women typically earn an hourly pay premium. This premium varies with casual employment status, but is always positive. We advance some hypotheses as to why there is a part-time pay advantage in Australia.

The Job Quality of U.S. Immigrants
María E. Enchautegui
This paper compares authorized and unauthorized immigrants in terms of 12 job quality indicators. Along all indicators examined, unauthorized immigrants score lower than the authorized. The lower job quality of the unauthorized prevails even when compared to authorized immigrants with similar educational levels and duration of stay.

Mandatory Retirement and Faculty Retirement Decisions
Robert L. Clark and Linda S. Ghent
This study applies stochastic frontier analysis to test the monopoly union model. This approach allows use of a wider data set than has been previously employed. We fit a stochastic cost frontier to data from the U.S. manufacturing sector that include exogenous sources of potential inefficiency including unionization. Our findings suggest that over the 1972-1982 time period more heavily unionized industries in the U.S. manufacturing sector were more likely to operate off their labor demand curve. This result is inconsistent with the monopoly union model predictions.

An Individual-Level Study of Contract Ratification Support
James E. Martin
This study uses constructs developed from theoretical models of both unit-level ratification studies and individual-level studies of strike support to predict individual employee ratification voting behavior and contract satisfaction. Surveys were given to union members before and after ratification voting. The results suggest that constructs assessing economic factors, employment relations, union relations, and the importance of contract information from the union all influence ratification support. While the bargaining issues are important in explaining ratification support, factors beyond the bargaining issues, such as employer and union loyalty and providing information about the contract, are related to ratification support.

Unions and Wages in Australia: Does Employer Size Matter?
C. Jeffrey Waddoups
Industrial relations reforms starting in the late 1980s decentralized wage determination in Australia. Using data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics' Survey of Education and Training gathered in 1993, before the full effects of decentralization had been realized, and 2001, after which the impacts of structural changes became had become manifested, the study shows the emergence of an inverse relationship between the employer size-wage effect and union/nonunion wage differential among males workers. The relationship is similar to those found in the U.S and U.K., other economies with decentralized wage-setting regimes.

Balancing Acts: Dynamics of a Union Coalition in a Labor Management Partnership
Adrienne E. Eaton, Saul A. Rubinstein and Thomas Kochan
This paper analyzes the experiences of a set of unions that formed a coalition with Kaiser Permanente, a large health care provider and insurer, both to engage in coordinated bargaining and to build and sustain a labor-management partnership. We use qualitative and quantitative data, including member and leader surveys, to explore the experience of the Coalition in confronting five key challenges identified through theory and prior research on such partnerships. We find that the Coalition has been remarkably successful, under difficult circumstances, in achieving institutional growth for its member unions and in balancing traditional and new union roles and communicating with members. The unions have been less successful in increasing member involvement.

The Potential and Precariousness of Partnership: The Case of the Kaiser Permanente Labor Management Partnership
Thomas A. Kochan, Paul S. Adler, Robert B. McKersie, Adrienne Eaton, Phyllis Segal, and Paul Gerhart
In 1997, the Kaiser Foundation Health Care and Hospitals, the Permanente Medical Federation, and a coalition of unions signed a national agreement creating one of the most ambitious labor-management partnerships in U.S. history, initially covering some 58,000 employees. Based on field research and archival data, this paper analyzes the first eight years of this partnership in light of three strategic challenges -- initiating, governing, and sustaining partnership –and the organizational challenge of doing so in a highly decentralized organization.

Bargaining Theory Meets Interest Based Negotiations: A Case Study
Robert McKersie, Teresa Sharpe, Thomas Kochan, Adrienne Eaton, George Strauss, and Marty Morgenstern
This is a case study of the 2005 national contract negotiations between Kaiser Permanente and the Coalition of Kaiser Permanente Unions. Given the scale and complexity of these negotiations their successful completion provides an exemplar for collective bargaining in this country.

 

Recent Faculty Working Papers

All papers are available for download at http://repositories.cdlib.org/iir

Cameron Anderson and Gavin Kilduff (December 13, 2007)
Why do Dominant Personalities Attain Influence in Groups? A Competence-Signaling Account of Trait Dominance

Michael Burawoy (December 4, 2007)
The Turn to Public Sociology: The Case of U.S. Labor Studies

Clair Brown and Greg Linden (December 1, 2007)
Is There a Shortage of Engineering Talent in the U.S.?

Neil Fligstein (December 1, 2007)
Who are the Europeans and how does this matter for politics?

Sandra Susan Smith (February 25, 2008)
Reputation, Risk, and Race: Exploring Racial and Ethnic Difference in Personal Contact Use and Receipt of Proactive Assistance

IRLE PROGRAM NEWS



The Labor Center

Spring 2008 Events:

Thursday, April 17, Noon - 1 PM

BOOK EVENT:

THE CHINA PRICE: The True Cost of Chinese Competitive Advantage

Financial Times reporter Alexandra Harney will discuss her new book about the consequences of China’s ceaseless pursuit of economic growth, from unethical business practices to pollution to an epidemic of occupational diseases. Harney visited factories and worker dormitories throughout China and interviewed dozens of migrant and youth workers.

Sponsored by the UC Berkeley Center for Labor Research and Education and others.

Information: andreabuffa@berkeley.edu, 510-642-6371

Friday, April 25, Noon - 1 PM

BOOK EVENT:

The Big Squeeze: Tough Times for the American Worker

New York Times labor reporter Steven Greenhouse tells the stories of software engineers in Seattle, hotel housekeepers in Chicago, call center workers in New York, and janitors in Houston, as he explores why, in the world’s most affluent nation, so many corporations are intent on squeezing their workers dry.

Sponsored by the UC Berkeley Center for Labor Research and Education and others.

Information: andreabuffa@berkeley.edu, 510-642-6371

 

The Center for Labor Research and Education is helping develop a Green Jobs Workshop Track for the upcoming California Labor Federation Workforce and Economic Development Conference. Information about the conference follows:

Building Workforce Partnerships Conference
June 11 - 13, 2008
Sheraton Gateway Hotel Los Angeles
5101 West Century Blvd.
Los Angeles, CA 90045
Register Online NOW!
http://www.wed-works.org/home.html

Building Workforce Partnerships is an annual collaboration of the Federation’s Workforce and Economic Development Program (WED), the State of California, and other partners. The event draws a diverse and increasingly national group of practitioners, academics, policy makers, labor, and industry leaders to debate and explore the nexus of labor market realities, economic policy, and access to good jobs.

Volatility increasingly defines the labor-market. This is true in California, the nation, and all advanced market economies. Jobs are created and destroyed at an alarming pace. The causes of this volatility are manifold, and highly debatable. What is certain is that workers struggle with economic insecurity at all levels of income, skill, and education. Is our job training and education infrastructure equipped or built to respond to turbulent labor markets and excessive "churn"?

What is the role of industry, labor, and government affecting this reality? What broad economic or industrial policy could shape a more effective response? These questions and others are the focus of Building Workforce Partnerships 2008.

 


California Public Employee Relations

CPER is putting together its April issue (No. 189). Main articles will include "Collaboration, Communication and Core Values Versus Contradiction, Cacophony and Chaos," by Greg Dannis, an attorney who bargains on behalf of the public schools, and who, by his own admission, loves alliteration. We’ll also have an article by Oakland City Attorney Vicki Laden, who will discuss "the collision between religiously motivated anti-gay speech or conduct and employer harassment policies." And third, there’s a piece by Ed Eames, president of the International Association of Assistance Dog Partners, whose article about the right to have service dogs in the workplace is a first on this topic for CPER.

As mentioned in the February eNews, the following events are taking place. Websites have been added, which will provide further information:

Center for Collaborative Solutions will hold its 19th Annual Labor-Management Conference in Anaheim, March 5-7, 2008
http://www.ccscenter.org/

CPER Editor Carol Vendrillo will lead two panels.

On April 11, CPER and the Labor and Employment Section of the State Bar are cosponsoring the 14th Annual Public Sector Conference in Sacramento:
http://www.calbar.ca.gov/state/calbar/calbar_generic.jsp?cid=10709/

This year, we will provide attendees with an update on recent developments in the public sector, and break-out sessions focused on accommodating the disabled public employee, PERB remedies, wage and hour law in the public sector, religion and speech protections in the workplace, and arbitration principles. Carol Vendrillo will be moderating a panel that will highlight "hot topics" in collective bargaining.

 


California Studies Center

"Changing Climates: Class, Culture, and Politics in an Era of Global Warming"
Berkeley City College, April 11-13, 2008

Sponsored by the California Studies Center and the California Studies Association

California faces economic and social transformations even as it grapples with policy questions forced by climate change. These challenges confront a state fractured along lines of class, race, and immigration status, and with little support for public services. How can we overcome political deadlock and respond to these challenges without deepening the fractures? What new opportunities for community, creativity, and democracy do these very crises offer? Join the California Studies Association for its 18th annual conference to address these and related questions.

Panels will include such topics as Ports & People, Green Meida, Climate & Social Justice, The Delta, In Praise of Taxes, Labor & Greens, Organizing Silicon Valley.

Berkeley City College is located in downtown Berkeley at 2050 Acton Street, accessible by BART and AC Transit. Lodging is available nearby.

Other information, including descriptions of past conferences, is available at
http://californiastudiesassociation.berkeley.edu/conference/past_conferences.html

For further information, contact:

Peter Richardson
Dept. of Humanities
San Francisco State University
San Francisco, CA 94132
peter.richardson@sbcglobal.net

 


Center for the Study of Child Care Employment

CSCCE announces the release of its latest research report, which will be available in early March at http://www.irle.berkeley.edu/cscce: Early childhood educator competencies: A literature review of current best practices, and a public input process on next steps for California.

"Competencies" focus on what educators need to know and be able to do, to demonstrate that they are well-rounded and well-prepared to educate and care for young children. While no single set of early childhood educator (ECE) competencies has been adopted universally in the United States, broad agreement is emerging. Competencies are increasingly seen as a cornerstone of assuring professionalism and stability for the early care and education workforce.

 


Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library

Three New Digital Collections: Progress Report

With funding from the UC Labor and Education Research Fund (LERF), the IRLE Library is digitizing materials that will form three distinct labor collections. These digital resources will be hosted at the UC Berkeley Library and will also be accessible via the California Digital Library’s Online Archive of California and Calishpere, two high-profile services available at CDL.

The IRLE Library is collaborating with both the CDL and with the UC Berkeley Libraries to prepare the materials. Brief collection descriptions and target dates follow. Dates are subject to change due to technical or developmental factors.

  • The California Labor Federation, AFL-CIO: Proceedings and Publications
    Access Forecast: June 2008
    This collection will include the complete proceedings the federation, materials published by the California CIO, and in the future, a full run of California AFL-CIO News.
  • The Institutes for Research on Labor and Employment: Publications
    Access Forecast: January 2009
    The Library has attempted to collect all publications of the two Institutes (Berkeley and UCLA). Both institutes published a wide variety of academic and applied research about California labor since their inception in 1945.
  • California and West Coast Labor and Industrial Relations: Selected Publications
    Access Forecast: January 2009
    Topically focused, this collection will cover key issues such as longshore workers, labor education, collective bargaining and other events in California’s labor history since 1945.

New Temporary Employee: Dayna Holz

Dayna Holz has joined the Library staff as a digital library developer on a limited term appointment, to help us complete our UC LERF project. Dayna comes with impressive credentials; she has worked at the California Digital Library, and also on contract for UC Berkeley’s Water Resources Center Archive and Environmental Design Archive. She is currently employed at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, as their first digital archivist. She will be with us during March and April and perhaps into May.


Labor Project for Working Families

Labor Project backs California Paid Sick Days Bill

Assemblywoman Fiona Ma has introduced the California Paid Sick Days bill (AB 2716) that could make California the first state in the nation to guarantee a minimum number of paid sick days for all workers. The bill is being supported by the California Work and Family Coalition that the Labor Project for Working Families chairs. Sponsors of the bill include the California State Labor Federation and California ACORN.

For additional news on Project events, please visit http://www.working-families.org



CAMPUS EVENTS


Economics Department

The Labor Economics Seminar (Econ 251) has its own Web page which lists all events:
http://emlab.berkeley.edu/users/webfac/moretti/e251_sp08/e251.shtml
Full listing of Economic seminars and classes for Spring 2008:
http://emlab.berkeley.edu/econ/courses.shtml


Center for Japanese Studies

March 12, 2008
Haas School of Business
Wells Fargo Room
2:pm –4:pm
Yoshio Ishizaka, Advisor, former Vice-President, Toyota Corporation
"Adjusting to Globalization: Moving Forward with the Toyota Way"


Center for Latin American Studies

March 4, 2008
554 Barrows Hall
4:00pm –5:30pm
Kirsten Sehnbruch, Center for Latin American Studies, UC Berkeley
"The Concertación Is Dead! Long Live the Concertación!"

March 17
6:00 pm
Venue TBD
José Miguel Vivanco
"Rights vs. Trade: The US–Colombia Free Trade Agreement and Anti-Union Violence in Colombia"

April 2, 2008
Room 554, Barrows Hall
12:00-1:15 pm
Philip Martin, UC Davis professor of Agricultural and Resource Economics
"International Migration: Global, American and Agricultural Issues"


Institute for the Study of Social Change

March 6 & 7, 2008
Thursday, 12-6 pm
Friday, 9 am-4 pm
Boalt Hall, UC Berkeley
For more information contact: Dr. Deborah Lustig, 510-643-7238, dlustig@berkeley.edu

Conference on the Criminalization of Poverty:
Whose Poverty? Whose Crime? Unlocking the Criminalization of Poverty


School of Social Welfare

March 31, 2008
5 Haviland Hall
4:pm –6:pm
Professor Ellen Immergut, Humboldt University, Berlin
European Pension Policy: Current Issues and Future Directions