October 2009 (38)

Editor: Terence K. Huwe
Contributors: Dan Bellm, Stefanie Kalmin, Janice Kimball, Jenifer MacGillvary, Vibhuti Mehra, Dick Walker

Especially Recommended:
"Broken Laws, Unprotected Workers: Violations of Employment and Labor Laws in America's Cities"
Presenter: Ruth Milkman, University of California, Los Angeles, and CUNY Graduate Center
Wednesday, October 14, 4:00 pm –5:30, 2521 Channing Way
Co-sponsored by ISSI, Institute for the Study of Societal Issues

Special Event: A Lunchtime Conversation with Amy B. Dean
Thursday, October 15th at 12:30 PM
UC Berkeley Labor Center
IRLE Building - 2521 Channing Way - Berkeley, CA 94720

IRLE News & Events
IRLE Colloquium Series, October Presentations
IRLE Welcomes 2009-10 Visiting Scholars
Prof. David Card Hosts A Conference on the Handbook of Labor Economics, Vol. 4
IRLE Co-Sponsors A Panel Discussion on Global Unemployment
Recent Faculty Working Papers
New Sponsored Research: The National Science Foundation Funds Clair Brown
Administrative News: IRLE Partners with Campus to restructure support services

IRLE Program News
The Labor Center
California Public Employee Relations
Center for the Study of Child Care Employment
Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library
The Labor Project for Working Families

Campus News & Events


IRLE Colloquium Series: October 2009

All presentations are held at 2521 Channing Way. A light lunch is served. Please RSVP to Myra Armstrong: zulu2@berkeley.edu

Monday, October 5, 2009 - 12-1pm
"Stereotype Threat in Organizations"
Laura Kray, Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley

Wednesday, October 14, 2009 - 4-5:30pm Please note special time and day.

"Broken Laws, Unprotected Workers: Violations of Employment and Labor Laws in America's Cities" Ruth Milkman, University of California, Los Angeles, and CUNY Graduate Center

Co-sponsored by ISSI, Institute for the Study of Societal Issues

Ruth Milkman, who teaches sociology at UCLA and the CUNY Graduate Center, will speak on the new report she co-authored, BROKEN LAWS, UNPROTECTED WORKERS: Violations of Employment and Labor Laws in America's Cities.

This report summarizes the results of a survey of 4,387 workers in low-wage industries in Los Angeles, New York, and Chicago that uncovered extensive wage theft and other violations of core workplace laws. The violations include: being paid less than the minimum wage, not being paid the legally required rate for overtime work, unpaid "off-the-clock" work before or after a standard work shift, not receiving legally mandated meal and rest breaks, tip stealing, workers' compensation violations, illegal employer retaliation, and more. The evidence suggests that core workplace protections, many of which have been in place since the 1930s, are all too often honored in the breach by employers in low-wage industries today. Using Respondent Driving Sampling, an innovative methodology that facilitates access to vulnerable workers often missed in conventional surveys (such as unauthorized immigrants), the survey was designed to produce statistically reliable estimates of the prevalence of workplace violations. All findings were adjusted to be representative of front-line workers - i.e. excluding supervisors, managers, professionals and technical workers - in low-wage industries in the three cities, constituting about 15 percent of the combined workforce of Los Angeles, New York and Chicago (about 1.6 million workers). The results highlight the need for enhanced labor law enforcement

Monday, October 19, 2009 - 12-1pm
"When trainees at the workplace organize collective action to improve their situations: apprentices and TAs"
Paul Ryan, King's College London

Monday, October 26, 2009 - 12-1pm
"Repeat Offenders in Organizational Wrongdoing: Do Recidivists Face Worse Penalties than One-Timers?"
Jo-Ellen Pozner, Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley


IRLE Welcomes Fall 2009 Visiting Scholars

IRLE continues to attract scholars from all over the world. We extend a warm welcome this year's scholars. Their nation of origin, home affiliations and research interests follow below.

Ciro Avitabile –Italy
Ciro Avitabile, Department of Economics, University of Naples, is doing post-doctoral research in health economics. He is here from August, 2009 through December, 2009 and his sponsor is David Card

Uschi Backes-Gellner –Switzerland
Uschi Backes-Gellner is a Professor of Business Personnel Economics at University of Zurich. Uschi's research interest is 'the impact of labor market institutions & educational systems'. She is at IRLE from September, 2009 to January, 2010 and is sponsored by Professor Clair Brown.

Kohei Daido –Japan
Kohei Daido is a Professor at Kwansei Gakuin University in Japan and his research interest is work organizations. He will be at IRLE from September, 2009 to August,2010. He is sponsored by Professor James Lincoln, Haas School of Business. His latest publication: "A Behavioral Economic Approach to Performance-based Wage Systems" in Japan Labor Review (2007).

Carlo Gianelle –Italy
Carlo Gianelle is a Visiting Scholar from the Department of Economics at the University of Siena. His current research interests are in social networks and labour mobility, technology and innovation. He will at be IRLE from January, 2009 to December, 2009. He is sponsored by Professor David Card.

Gustavo Gonzaga –Brazil
Gustavo Gonzaga, an alumnus of UC Berkeley, is an Associate Professor from the Department of Economics at the Catholic University of Rio de Janiero. His research interests are in labor economics specifically analyzing the effects of changes in Brazilian market labor institutions. He will be at IRLE from August, 2009 to July, 2010. Michael Reich & David Card are his sponsors.

Akira Kitamura –Japan
Akira Kitamura is director-general at the Bureau of Equal Employment and Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare in Japan. His research interests are in the issues of technological innovation and the supply and demand of manpower in health care,. He will be at IRLE from September, 2009 through March, 2011 and sponsored by Clair Brown. His latest publication: "Hospital administration under the PFI initiative in U.K."; WAM, November edition, Medical and Social Welfare Corporation (2000).

Thorsten Kogge –Germany
Thorsten Kogge, a Ph.D. Candidate at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, is a visiting student researcher from August, 2009 to February, 2010. He is sponsored by Neil Fligstein. His research interests are in new economic sociology, public administration, and social policy.

Patrice Laroche –France
Patrice Laroche is a Professor in industrial relations. His research activity is in the study of labor and employment relations with a particular emphasis on the analysis of the impact of unions on firm performances. Patrice will be at IRLE from January, 2010 through July, 2010 and is sponsored by George Strauss. His latest publication: "Unions and Profits: A Meta-Regression Analysis" in Industrial Relations- Berkeley (January 2009).

Zhenlei Shi –China
Zhenlei Shi is an Associate Professor of the School of Economics and Management at the Beijing Jiatong University. His research interest is in Labor Economics. Shi is here from August , 2009 through February, 2010 and is sponsored by Katie Quan. His latest publication: "Human Capital Investment and Poverty Alleviation in the West Rural Area" in Expanding Horizons (2008).

Ilan Tojerow –Belgium
Ilan Tojerow, is a visiting researcher from Universite Librede Bruxelles, Belgium, whose research interest is 'the impact of international trade on the wage structure'. He is here from September, 2009 through August, 2010. His sponsor is David Card.

Zhiyong Wang –China
Zhiyong Wang is an Associate Professor at the Institute of Population and Labor at the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing. His research interests are in capacity building, especially in the field of labor economics and econometrics. He will be at IRLE from August, 2009 through August, 2010. He is sponsored by Michael Reich. His latest publication: Impacts of the Global Financial Crisis on Employment of Rural Migrant Workers in China (2009)

Ipek Göçmen-Yeginoglu –Turkey
Ipek Göçmen-Yeginoglu is a Doctoral Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in Cologne-Germany. Her research interests are in comparative social policy, poverty, political sociology, sociology of religion and civil society. She will be at IRLE August , 2009 through December, 2009. Professor Neil Fligstein is her sponsor.


Prof. David Card Hosts Conference on the Handbook of Labor Economics, Vol. 4

This conference is jointly hosted by the Center for Labor Economics, which is affiliated with IRLE, and also by the Industrial Relations Section, Princeton University. The event is not open to the public and space is limited to five additional attendees. Qualified academics who may wish to attend should contact Prof. Card. Information about the conference and its extensive list of participants may be found on the conference Web site.


IRLE Co-Sponsors A Panel Discussion on Global Unemployment: October 28

Who: Brad Delong, Department of Economics
David Card, Department of Economics
Andy Rose, Haas Business School
Moderator John Quigley, Goldman School of Public Policy

When: Wednesday, October 28th at 12:30 P.M

Where: Booth Auditorium, Boalt School of Law, UC Berkeley

Why: Despite recent upticks in the economy, the U.S. and worldwide employment picture continues to be bleak. Are we facing a "jobless recovery?" Did the international economic collapse in 2008-09 alter the labor market permanently? What employment patterns and prospects should we expect as global markets and economies recover? What are the remedies?

Join a panel of distinguished UC Berkeley scholars to learn more about what the future of employment will look like here and around the world.

Institute for Research on Labor and Employment

iGov Institution and Governance program, IIS

The Berkeley Center for Law, Business and the Economy

FURTHER INFORMATION: Contact: Heddy Riss, 510-642-8246, hriss "at" berkeley.edu


Recent Working Papers

The following working papers have been added in the past few months; many more are expected to appear online soon. IRLE Working Papers may be found in the eScholarship Repository and also on the IRLE Web.


Laura J. Kray and Aiwa Shirako (October 5, 2009) Stereotype Threat in Organizations: An Examination of its Scope, Triggers, and Possible Interventions

Margaret Weir (October 5, 2009) "Beyond the Plant Gates": Postwar Labor and the Organizational Substructure of Liberalism

Peter Evans and Sarah Stavetieg (October 2, 2009) The Changing Structure of Employment in Contemporary China

James R. Lincoln (September 24, 2009) Strategic Alliances in the Japanese Economy: Types, Critiques, Embeddedness, and Change

James R. Lincoln and Masahiro Shimotani (September 24, 2009) Whither the Keiretsu, Japan's Business Networks? How Were They Structured? What Did They Do? Why Are They Gone?

Gillian Lester and Elizabeth Ryan (September 23, 2009) Choice of Law and Employee Restrictive Covenants

Yoshifumi Nakata and Satoru Miyazaki (September 14, 2009) Sustainability of Engineers' High Performance

Guojun He and Jeffrey M. Perloff (September 13, 2009) Does Customer Auditing Help Chinese Workers?

William T. Lester (September 10, 2009) The Impact of Living Wage Laws on Urban Economic Development Patterns and the Local Business Climate: Evidence from California Cities

Gillian Lester (July 8, 2009) The Aging Workforce and Paid Time Off

Celia Moore, H. Colleen Stuart, and Jo-Ellen Pozner (July 6, 2009) The Licensing Effects of Stigma: Declining Reputational Penalties as Firms Persist in Organizational Misconduct

Waverly W. Ding, Sharon G. Levin, Paula E. Stephan, and Ann E. Winkler (July 1, 2009) The Impact of Information Technology on Scientists' Productivity, Quality and Collaboration Patterns


New Sponsored Research: The National Science Foundation Funds Clair Brown

The NSF has awarded Clair Brown, Tim Sturgeon (MIT) and Peter Marsden (Harvard) with a major new grant to study organizations and globalization. The title of the project is "A National Survey of Organizations to Study Globalization, Innovation and Employment."

The three investigators argue that current data resources do not permit satisfactory measurement and analysis of three key processes in our economy – globalization, technological change, and innovation. Consequently the impact of these forces on important outcomes, such as changes in the quality and quantity of domestic employment, is largely unknown. The lack of evidence to guide policymakers is particularly troubling during this time of sharp economic downturn.

Their project makes a contribution by collecting and analyzing new data on global engagement, use of technology, and innovation-related activity by United States organizations. To accomplish, they have developed a National Organization Survey (NOS) that uses a dual frame approach. The first frame consists of a nationally representative sample of public sector and other not-for-profit organizations as well as for-profit firms derived from and linked to a nationally representative survey of workers, the General Social Survey (GSS).

The second frame consists of a representative sample of large for-profit firms, which are more likely to be globally engaged innovators, drawn from the 1,000 largest corporations in the United States. The investigators will use the dual frame survey to study how an organization's domestic jobs relate to its actions regarding innovation, use of technology, outsourcing, and off-shoring.


Administrative News: IRLE Partners with Campus to Restructure Support Services

In response to the University's challenging budget situation, IRLE has formed a partnership with another program unit that reports to the Vice Chancellor-Research. Research Enterprise Services (RES) is an already existing unit that provides support services to several science-oriented campus programs. Vice Chancellor Graham Fleming has invited social sciences research units to coordinate support services with RES. Under the arrangement, administrative support services will involve staff at RES. Services areas include Human Resources, contracts and grant administration, and financial services. Exact details about the transition are still in the planning stages, but the new arrangement is currently scheduled to begin in December 2009. For further information, contact Hadidjah Rivera.



The Labor Center

Special Event: A Lunchtime Conversation with Amy B. Dean
Thursday, October 15th at 12:30 PM
UC Berkeley Labor Center
IRLE Building - 2521 Channing Way - Berkeley, CA 94720

Amy B. Dean and David B. Reynolds are the authors of A New New Deal: How Regional Activism Will Reshape the American Labor Movement. Dean served as President of the South Bay AFL-CIO in Silicon Valley from 1993-2001. During her tenure the New York Times called Amy, "the most innovative figure in Silicon Valley." She is co-author, with David B. Reynolds, of "A New New Deal: How Regional Activism Will Reshape the American Labor Movement." She has been profiled in Fast Company, the New York Times, and BusinessWeek, among other national publications, as one of the most dynamic labor movement figures of her time.

Questions about this event and requests for more information should be directed to jodi.levin@berkeley.edu or 510-642-0323.

An Evening with the All-Stars: Celebrating the Spirit and Strength of Working People
SOLD OUT. To be added to the waiting list, call (510) 642-4072
Friday, October 9, 2009
Kaiser Center Auditorium, Oakland
6:00 to 9:00
For more information please visit http://laborcenter.berkeley.edu

2009 Conference: The Labor Center Partners with BEN

The UC Berkeley Labor Center and the Business Ethics Network are partnering to produce the 2009 BEN Conference. The conference will be held on Tuesday, October 13th at UC Berkeley and UC Washington. These sites will conference together for strategic discussions and the BENNY Awards.

Confirmed speakers include:
On Healthcare Reform: DeAnn Friedholm, National Health Reform Campaign Director for Consumers Union, Mary Kay Henry, Executive Vice President of the Service Employees International Union, and Michael Lighty, Director of Administration and Public Policy for the California Nurses Association/ National Nurses Organizing. Facilitated by Ken Jacobs, Chair of the UC Berkeley Labor Center.

On Climate and Energy: Rose Braz, Climate Coordinator for the Center for Biological Diversity, Alex Levinson, Director of the Clean Energy Solutions campaign at the Sierra Club, and Phil Radford, Executive Director of Greenpeace. Facilitated by Michael Marx, Executive Director of CEI/BEN.

On the Employee Free Choice Act: Thea Lee, Policy Director for the AFL-CIO, Jane Norman, Director of Partnerships and Outreach for American Rights at Work, and Peter Olney, National Organizing Director for the International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU). Facilitated by John Logan, Director of Research for the UC Berkeley Labor Center

If you have any questions about the conference, please contact Anne Pernick at apernick@corpethics.org


California Public Employee Relations

CPER has just published a third edition of the Pocket Guide to the Family and Medical Leave Acts, by Liebert Cassidy Whitmore attorney Peter Brown.

This edition is a "user friendly" guide to the federal Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 and the California Family Rights Act of 1993. The Pocket Guide spells out who is eligible for leave, increments in which leave can be used, various methods of calculating leave entitlements, record keeping and notice requirements, and enforcement. The rights and responsibilities of both employers and employees under each of the statutes are discussed. The reader is given an understandable summary of the acts' provisions that emphasizes the differences between the two laws and advises which provision to follow.

The third edition not only incorporates all relevant changes to the 2009 FMLA regulations published by the Department of Labor, but also considers recent FMLA and CFRA case law.

CPER Pocket Guides are clear and concise references for employees who are eligible for benefits, union officials questioned about employee entitlements, and labor relations managers charged with implementing the act. They are popular as training tools and for resolving practical, day-to-day questions as they emerge.

To see the FMLA guide's table of contents, or to order, visit the CPER website,http://cper.berkeley.edu.


Center for the Study of Child Care Employment (CSCCE)

For a full perspective on CSCCE activities, take a look at their Web site:


Institute for Research on Labor and Employment Library

California's Living New Deal Project: Licensed by UCB

The programming that runs the Living New Deal Project was authored by the Library's Heather Lynch, who is Web administrator for all of IRLE. There has been widespread interest in using this programming to create a national standard for similar projects, and the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Presidential Library has been negotiations with IRLE. We have licensed the software with the Office of Technology Licensing, and this safeguards Heather's work in the event that any future for-profit enterprises wish to use her work. Congratulations, Heather!

Library Partners with the California Research Bureau

The California Research Bureau (CRB) provides background material upon request for state legislators, much in the same fashion as the Congressional Research Service does for Congress.. CRB has invited some campus libraries to partner in providing research support and unique materials to the California legislature. The IRLE Library was invited to join, and we have agreed. The Library already hears from various policy makers, but this new avenue for reference service may extend that service. The IRLE Library will be given attribution for any work performed in conjunction with CRB.

IRLE Librarian Co-Chairs Major Campus Conference

Terry Huwe is Co-Chair of a major conference which will be held at the Clark Kerr Campus on October 23, 2009. The event is sponsored by the Librarians Association of the University of California, Berkeley Division. The title of the event is "Library Student Users: Deliver what they need–they way they want it. The event is sold out, and features prominent national experts, including Joan P. Lippincott, Associate Executive Director of the Coalition for Networked Information; and Sarah Houghton-Jan, Director of Digital Futures at the San Jose Public Library, Sarah is also well-known as journalist and blogger. For further information visit the conference Web site: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/LAUC/2009conference/


Labor Project for Working Families

Grant from The California Wellness Foundation
The Labor Project has been awarded a two year grant from The California Wellness Foundation to expand and strengthen the work of the California Work and Family Coalition through outreach to, and collaboration with, public health, community and labor organizations.


Economics Department

Economics 218, Psychology and Economics Seminar
608-7 Evans Hall

October 27, 2009
"Gift-Exchange in the Workplace: Two Field Experiments",
Michel Marechal, Professor, Zurich University and Visiting U.C. San Diego

Economics 221, Industrial Organization Seminar
639 Evans Hall

October 1, 2009
"Is Pay-For-Performance Detrimental to Innovation?",
Florian Enderer, UCLA and Gustavo Manso, MIT,
joint with Williamson Seminar C345 Cheit.

Economics 231, Public Finance Seminar
608-7 Evans Hall

October 12, 2009
"Career Concerns of CEOs and Incentives to Commit Fraud",
Erin Syron, UC Berkeley

Economics 235, Financial Economics Seminar
597 Evans Hall

October 1, 2009
"Labor and Asset Prices",
Frederico Belo, University of Minnesota

Economics 251, Labor Economics Seminar
608-7 Evans Hall

October 1, 2009
"To What Extent do High Wages Kill Jobs? Estimating the Elasticity of The Job Creation Curve",
Ben Sand, University of British Columbia

October 15, 2009
"Outsourcing Household Production: The Demand for Foreign Domestic Workers and Labor Supply in Hong Kong",
Patricia Cortes, University of Chicago

Economics 271, Planning and Development Seminar
608-7 Evans Hall

October 12, 2009
"Diversity in Organizations: Theory and Evidence from Indian Industrialization",
Estefania Santacreu-Vasut, UCB

Institute for Governmental Studies
Colloquim in Race, Ethnicity and Immigration
Moses Hall
119 Harris Room

October 2, 2009
"Diversity and the Imagined Community: Immigration, Economic Inequality, and Social Cohesion Across Countries and Over Time.", Matthew Wright, Ph.D. candidate, Charles & Louise Travers Department of Political Science

Haas School of Business
Finance Seminar, (PhDBA 239S)
Room C210 Cheit Hall

October 1, 2009
Labor and Asset Prices (Paper, "Labor Hiring, Investment and Stock Return Predictability in the Cross Section,", Frederico Belo University of Minnesota. Santiago Bazdresch, University of Minnesota; and Xiaoji Lin, London School of Economics and Political Science