Spring 2014 Events
Note: additional events will be added as the Spring Colloquium Series is finalized.
Wednesday, January 22, 2014 | 5pm - 6:30pm
When Mandates Work
Raising Labor Standards at the Local Level
Edited by Michael Reich, Ken Jacobs, and Miranda Dietz
Starting in the 1990s, San Francisco launched a series of bold but relatively unknown public policy experiments to improve wages and benefits for thousands of local workers. Since then, scholars have documented the effects of those policies on compensation, productivity, job creation, and health coverage. Opponents predicted a range of negative impacts, but the evidence tells a decidedly different tale. This book brings together that evidence for the first time, reviews it as a whole, and considers its lessons for local, state, and federal policymakers.
Monday, January 27, 2014 | 12pm - 1pm
Pooled Synthetic Control Estimates of Minimum Wage Effects
Ben Zipperer, Economics, University of Massachusetts(Amherst)
(co-authored with Arindrajit Dube)
We apply the synthetic control approach in a setting with multiple case studies and recurring treatments. Using minimum wage changes as an application, we propose a simple distribution-free method for pooling across cases using mean percentile ranks, which have desirable small sample properties. We invert the mean rank statistic in order to construct a conﬁdence interval for the pooled estimate, and we test for the heterogeneity of the treatment effect using the distribution of estimated ranks. We also offer guidance on model selection and match quality—issues that are of practical concern in the synthetic control approach generally and when pooling across many cases. Using 19 cases of state minimum wage increases between 1998 and 2007, we do not ﬁnd a statistically signiﬁcant effect on teen employment, with the mean and the median elasticity close to zero. There is also no indication of heterogeneous treatment effects. Finally, we discuss some important practical challenges, including the ability to ﬁnd close matches and the choice of predictors used for constructing a synthetic control.
Monday, February 24, 2014 | 12pm - 1pm
Waiting for Change: Is It Time to Increase the $2.13 Subminimum Wage?
Sylvia Allegretto, Center on Wage and Employment Dynamics, IRLE
Wednesday, February 26, 2014 | 12pm - 1:30pm
Multidimensional Determinants of Inequality: A Post Crisis Analysis of Employment-Focused Welfare Changes
Pelin Sekerler Richiardi, Economist, International Institute for Labour Studies of the International Labour Organization (ILO), Geneva
Discussant: Professor David Card
Welfare and inequality (defined as the uneven distribution of welfare) have mainly been measured in monetary terms. Welfare measures seek to give an indication of how “good” the individuals’ life is, and focusing on income alone is certainly not sufficient to give a comprehensive definition of welfare. While the necessity of including non-monetary dimensions to better understand this phenomenon has been gaining ground, the role of employment has not been emphasized. Employment constitutes a key component of welfare not only through labor income but also through other conditions such as type of contact or working hours. It also considerably affects the feeling of self-respect and fulfillment. Therefore, this study aims at developing a multidimensional index of welfare that contains non-monetary dimensions linked to the labor market, then, by using this index, at analysing the changes in inequalities before and after the 2008 global economic crisis. For this project, survey data from European Social Surveys (ESS) and European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) will be used. The presentation will focus on challenges of developing multi-dimensional measures (i.e assigning weights to various dimensions) and different inequality indices that might be used (i.e General Entropy family of indices).
Monday, March 3, 2014 | 12pm - 1pm
The State of Unions in the European Union
Philippe Pochet, European Trade Union Institute (ETUI)
Wednesday, March 5, 2014 | 12pm - 1:30pm
Translating Employment Terminology: A Comparative Analysis
Martina Ori, PhD student, University of Bergamo, Italy and ADAPT research fellow
Research has extensively investigated the concepts of integration and differentiation in employment practices across countries, highlighting that on the one hand national legal systems influence each other to a great extent, whereas, on the other, employment practices still differ greatly across countries due to persisting differences in national institutions. There is therefore the need for comparative, international and interdisciplinary research in a field that has so far been widely neglected. The presentation will analyze the interaction between language, legal systems and culture with a focus on employment law drawing on concepts and terminology. It will provide an overview of translation pitfalls and of the strategies that can be adopted in multilingual and multicultural research across different legal systems.
Monday, March 17, 2014 | 12pm - 1pm
Labor Standards and the Reorganization of Work: Gaps in Data and Research
Annette Bernhardt, Visiting Researcher, IRLE; Visiting Professor, Sociology
FRIday, March 21, 2014 | 12pm - 1pm | ***648 Evans Hall***
What Do China's Government-run Unions Do?
Richard Freeman, Professor, Economics, Harvard University, NBER, Director
Joint with Fan Liang
Co-hosted with Economics Department
RSVP: Thembianne Jackson, email@example.com
Wednesday, March 26, 2014 | 12pm - 1pm
Sociology of Individually-affiliated Unions: Tokyo Manager's Union and Women's Union Tokyo", 1993-2002
Sachi Kotani, Sociology, Nihon University, Japan
Joint with Fan Liang
Since the mid-1990's, economic globalization has reduced the leverage of labor unions in Japan, with a rapid decline in the unionization ratio. Consequently, the study that focuses upon the economic feasibility of the company-based capital-labor relations has reached its limits. The purpose of this presentation is to suggest a future labor movement and construct a new methodology by using a case study of individually-affiliated unions established in the mid-1990's. In my presentation, I focus, in particular, on attribute-based individually-affiliated unions, which represent workers at the margin of the labor markets, paying attention to their generation, gender, ethnicity, and employment positions. Above all, I investigated the newly-formed individually-affiliated unions of managers (Tokyo Managers' Union) and women (Women's Union Tokyo) about their implications upon the awareness of unions and their social functions when they cooperate with other social movements and the NPOs, by revealing the following:
- They are better equipped than company-based unions to meet the needs of diverse workers through consultations.
- 2) They are able to solve over ninety percent of the labor disputes by means of individual negotiations, giving the workers a high degree of satisfaction.
- Various organizations, especially women' s labor unions, are capable of serving the public interests by translating individual labor problems into larger social issues when they unite with other social movements and the NPOs.
- They can empower individuals through various activities and mutual support among union members
- As a result of these activities, unions of managers came to reassess the outlook for the company and attitude toward work, while individually-affiliated unions of women came to be geared toward gender sensitivity.
Monday, March 31, 2014 | 12pm - 1pm
Private Equity at Work: When Wall Street Manages Main Street
Eileen Appelbaum, Center for Economic Policy Research and
Rosemary Batt, ILR Cornell University
Friday, April 4, 2014 | 12pm - 1:30pm
The Promise and Limits of Private Power: Promoting Labor Standards in a Global Economy
Richard Locke, Department of Political Science MIT, (Co-sponsored with Nicholas Ziegler, Political Science, UCB)
Wednesday, April 9, 2014 | 12pm - 1pm
Unions' Participation in Politics: Recent Legislative Developments
John Logan, Director, Professor of Labor and Employment Studies, San Francisco State University; Senior Research Associate, CLRE
In November 2012, Californians voted 56.1 per cent to 43.9 per cent to reject the nation's most sweeping effort to date to undermine organized labor's political voice. The pro- and anti-Proposition 32 camps spent a combined total of over $135 million on a campaign that was organized labor's top priority in California, and, along with the re-election of President Obama, one of its highest priorities nationwide. The 2012 election marked the third time in 15 years that California voters have rejected a so-called 'paycheck protection'—legislation restricting how unions can raise and spend money on political activities—ballot initiative. In 1998, in what the then AFL-CIO president John Sweeney called a 'modern political miracle', California voters rejected Proposition 226, the highest-profile paycheck protection ballot measure of the 1990s. And in 2005, in an early attempt to constrain the political activities of public-sector unions, Californians voted down the highest-profile paycheck measure of the 2000s, Proposition 75.
The defeat of Proposition 226 slowed paycheck's momentum in the late 1990s and early 2000s. But since 2011 paycheck protection has, once again, become a high priority for conservative politicians and anti-union organizations. After the failure of Proposition 32 at the ballot box, its principal backers—primarily conservative activists and out-of-state Super PACs (political action committees) stressed that the initiative was part of longer-term effort in California and the rest of the nation to neuter organized labor's political activities. Conservative lawmakers are currently pursuing paycheck bills in both Pennsylvania and Missouri. This paper analyzes the debate over paycheck protection and other similar state-level anti-union legislative initiatives of the past few years
Monday, April 21, 2014 | 12pm - 1pm
The Working Rich: Wages, Bonuses and Appropriation of Profit in the Financial Industry
Olivier Godechot, Max Planck Sciences(MaxPo), France
Wednesday, April 23, 2014 | 12pm - 1pm
Efficiency and its determinants of higher education institutions in Europe and in the US
Joanna Wolszczak-Derlacz, Economist, Assistant Professor, Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland
The purpose of this study is to examine efficiency, productivity and their determinants in a set of higher education institutions (HEIs) from several European countries and the US by means of non-parametric frontier techniques. We conduct a two-stage DEA analysis (Simar and Wilson, 2007), first evaluating DEA scores and productivity changes (based on Malmquist indices) and then regressing them on potential covariates with the use of a bootstrapped truncated regression. Results indicate a considerable variability of efficiency scores within and between countries. Unit size (economies of scale), number and composition of faculties, sources of funding and gender staff composition are found to be among the crucial determinants of these units' performance. Specifically, we found evidence that a higher share of funds from external sources and a higher number of women among academic staff improve the efficiency and productivity of the institution.
All events are located at the Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, 2521 Channing Way, Berkeley.
TO ATTEND AN EVENT, PLEASE R.S.V.P. Myra Armstrong, firstname.lastname@example.org